TABLE 9-2Life Expectancy at Age 65 (Years) by Level of Education in Selected European Countries and the United States

CountryHigh Ed.Middle Ed.Low Ed.High-Low/Middle-Low
Males
Finland15.714.614.21.5/0.3
Denmark15.814.513.82.1/0.7
Ireland17.816.014.13.7/1.9
Austria17.516.313.63.8/2.7
Belgium16.215.213.42.8/1.8
Greece19.217.215.83.4/1.4
Italy19.015.316.72.3/-1.3
France19.418.516.43.0/2.1
Spain19.418.416.42.9/2.0
Portugal18.716.714.83.8/1.9
European Average17.916.314.92.9/1.3
United States18.315.114.93.4/0.2
Females
Finland18.918.618.30.6/0.3
Denmark17.917.417.20.8/0.3
Ireland21.020.118.32.7/1.8
Austria21.421.118.43.0/2.7
Belgium20.820.719.11.7/1.6
Greece20.619.418.12.5/1.3
Italy22.119.620.81.3/-1.2
France23.823.921.72.1/2.2
Spain22.322.020.41.9/1.6
Portugal21.420.618.53.0/2.2
European Average21.020.419.11.9/1.3
United States20.418.217.92.5/0.3

NOTES: Educational classification: For Europe, low is lower secondary education; middle is upper secondary education; high is tertiary or vocational and university education. For the United States, low is 0–8, middle is 9–12, and high is 13+ years. The European equivalent categories would be 0–11, 9–15, and 16+ years.

SOURCES: Data for European countries from Majer et al. (2010); data for United States from Molla et al. (2004).

From: 9, The Role of Inequality

Cover of Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries
Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; Crimmins EM, Preston SH, Cohen B, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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