Table 26Subgroup analyses

Body region InterventionElderlyOnly womenOnly men
No. of studiesOutcomes (efficacy)No. of studiesOutcomes (efficacy)No. of studiesOutcomes (efficacy)
LBP

Acupuncture
753,207,208,216,217,226,227Pain (VAS)53,207,208,216,217,226,227,

Disability (RMQ)207,208,216,217,226
QOL53,226
1219Pain (VAS)
QOL
1144Pain + ability to return to work
NP
Acupuncture
145Pain (VAS)1263Pain (VAS) Function (NHP)
Cervicogenic headache
Acupuncture
NoneNANoneNANoneNA
LBP
Manipulation
NoneNANoneNA1284NA
Cervicogenic headache
Manipulation
NoneNANoneNANoneNA
LBP
Mobilization
NoneNANoneNA1349Pain (VAS)
NP
Mobilization
NoneNANoneNANoneNA
LBP
Massage
NoneNANoneNANoneNA
NP
Massage
NoneNANoneNANoneNA
All8142NA30

Abbreviations: NA=not applicable; LBP= low back pain; NP= neck pain; VAS=visual analogue scale; PPT=Pressure Pain Threshold; NHP=Nottingham Health Profile;

From: 3, Results

Cover of Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Back Pain II
Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Back Pain II.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 194.
Furlan AD, Yazdi F, Tsertsvadze A, et al.

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