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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium; Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, et al., editors. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D.

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HEstimated Intakes of Calcium and Vitamin D from National Surveys

UNITED STATES

In order to assist the committee, staff from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), provided more detailed information regarding calcium and vitamin D intakes among the U.S. population than is available from Bailey et al. (2010).1The data tables provided are included in this appendix (Tables H-1 through H-4). The data are based on the 2005–2006 reports from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), specifically What We Eat in America,2 but incorporate (1) information on supplement use to allow the estimation of a total intake; (2) a shrinkage estimator approach rather than a Monte Carlo approach to obtain usual intake percentiles; and (3) supplement use as a covariate. These data form the basis for some of the figures in Chapter 7, as specified in the figure legends.

TABLE H-1. Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2003–2006.

TABLE H-1

Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2003–2006.

TABLE H-2. Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2003–2006.

TABLE H-2

Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2003–2006.

TABLE H-3a. Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-3a

Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-3b. Estimated Vitamin D Intake (μg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-3b

Estimated Vitamin D Intake (μg/day) in the United States from Food Sources Only, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-4a. Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-4a

Estimated Vitamin D Intake (IU/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2005–2006.

TABLE H-4bEstimated Vitamin D Intake (μg/day) in the United States from Food and Dietary Supplements, NHANES 2005–2006

DRI Sex/
Age Group
MeanPercentile
1st5th25th50th75th95th99th
M 1–3Est.
[S.E.]
9.10
[0.40]
1.20
[0.40]
2.70
[0.50]
5.50
[0.40]
8.30
[0.50]
12.10
[0.70]
20.10
[2.00]
22.10
[1.20]
M 4–8Est.
[S.E.]
9.30
[0.40]
1.70
[0.80]
3.10
[0.50]
5.60
[0.30]
7.80
[0.70]
12.20
[0.90]
19.40
[0.60]
24.90
[3.20]
M 9–13Est.
[S.E.]
7.50
[0.70]
1.40
[0.30]
2.30
[0.50]
4.30
[0.40]
6.10
[0.30]
8.30
[1.30]
15.00
[1.00]
21.40
[55.90]
M 14–18Est.
[S.E.]
6.90
[0.50]
0.80
[0.10]
1.20
[0.30]
2.80
[0.30]
5.80
[0.60]
9.20
[1.00]
17.60
[1.80]
24.30
[2.50]
M 19–30Est.
[S.E.]
6.60
[0.40]
0.70
[0.20]
1.30
[0.30]
2.50
[0.30]
4.80
[0.50]
9.20
[0.60]
17.80
[1.90]
25.60
[3.90]
M 31–50Est.
[S.E.]
7.90
[0.30]
1.00
[0.10]
1.80
[0.20]
3.60
[0.30]
6.40
[0.60]
11.20
[0.60]
18.10
[0.60]
25.00
[3.10]
M 51–70Est.
[S.E.]
8.80
[0.40]
1.10
[0.30]
1.60
[0.20]
3.40
[0.30]
6.50
[0.50]
13.20
[0.60]
19.50
[2.40]
24.70
[8.80]
M 71+Est.
[S.E.]
10.70
[0.70]
1.50
[0.40]
2.70
[0.30]
4.90
[0.50]
8.40
[0.80]
14.90
[0.50]
21.10
[2.80]
38.80
[45.00]
F 1–3Est.
[S.E.]
8.40
[0.40]
1.80
[0.50]
3.20
[0.60]
5.20
[0.60]
7.60
[0.80]
10.40
[0.60]
16.90
[1.10]
21.60
[1.90]
F 4–8Est.
[S.E.]
7.90
[0.60]
1.60
[0.40]
2.60
[0.30]
4.40
[0.40]
6.40
[0.40]
9.80
[1.40]
16.80
[1.50]
47.20
[23.80]
F 9–13Est.
[S.E.]
7.70
[1.00]
0.90
[0.60]
1.60
[0.70]
3.30
[0.70]
5.40
[0.60]
8.90
[1.90]
18.90
[4.00]
25.60
[56.70]
F 14–18Est.
[S.E.]
5.00
[0.50]
0.70
[0.20]
1.10
[0.30]
2.10
[0.50]
3.60
[0.30]
6.30
[1.00]
14.20
[1.10]
17.40
[1.80]
F 19–30Est.
[S.E.]
5.80
[0.30]
0.40
[0.20]
0.80
[0.30]
2.10
[0.30]
3.90
[0.40]
7.70
[0.50]
16.00
[1.80]
24.90
[3.50]
F 31–50Est.
[S.E.]
7.70
[0.50]
0.60
[0.10]
0.90
[0.10]
2.60
[0.30]
5.80
[0.50]
11.80
[0.90]
19.60
[1.50]
24.60
[2.20]
F 51–70Est.
[S.E.]
10.10
[1.00]
0.90
[0.20]
1.60
[0.30]
3.40
[0.40]
7.70
[0.90]
14.00
[0.70]
23.40
[2.20]
72.70
[38.60]
F 71+Est.
[S.E.]
10.00
[0.50]
0.80
[0.30]
2.00
[0.20]
3.70
[0.30]
8.90
[0.90]
14.30
[0.80]
23.50
[0.70]
32.40
[3.20]

SOURCE: Personal communication, K. Dodd, NIH/NCI, November 17, 2009.

CANADA

Intake data for calcium and vitamin D from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), Cycle 2.2, Nutrition are shown in Tables H-5 and H-6. These values have been obtained from the publicly available reports3 and form the basis for some of the figures in Chapter 7, as specified in the figure legends.

TABLE H-5. Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in Canada from Food Sources Only.

TABLE H-5

Estimated Calcium Intake (mg/day) in Canada from Food Sources Only.

TABLE H-6a. Estimated Vitamin D Intake in Canada (IU/day) from Food Sources Only.

TABLE H-6a

Estimated Vitamin D Intake in Canada (IU/day) from Food Sources Only.

TABLE H-6bEstimated Vitamin D Intake in Canada (μg/day) from Food Sources Only

DRI Sex/
Age Group
MeanPercentile
5th10th25th50th75th90th95th
Both 1–3Est.
[S.E.]
6.5
[0.1]
2.1
[0.2]
2.9
[0.2]
4.4
[0.2]
6.3
[0.2]
8.5
[0.2]
10.9
[0.3]
12.5
[0.4]
Both 4–8Est.
[S.E.]
6.0
[0.1]
2.5
[0.1]
3.1
[0.1]
4.2
[0.1]
5.6
[0.1]
7.4
[0.2]
9.4
[0.3]
10.8
[0.4]
M 9–13Est.
[S.E.]
7.0
[0.2]
3.1
[0.2]
3.7
[0.2]
4.9
[0.2]
6.6
[0.2]
8.8
[0.3]
11.1
[0.4]
12.8
[0.5]
M 14–18Est.
[S.E.]
7.6
[0.2]
2.7
[0.2]
3.5
[0.2]
5.0
[0.2]
7.2
[0.3]
10.0
[0.3]
13.6
[0.6]
16.2
[0.8]
M 19–30Est.
[S.E.]
5.9
[0.2]
2.2
[0.2]
2.7
[0.2]
3.7
[0.2]
5.2
[0.3]
7.2
[0.4]
9.7
[0.7]
11.6
[1.0]
M 31–50Est.
[S.E.]
5.8
[0.2]
2.3
[0.2]
2.8
[0.2]
3.7
[0.2]
5.1
[0.2]
7.2
[0.3]
9.9
[0.6]
11.9
[0.9]
M 51–70Est.
[S.E.]
7.1
[0.5]
2.3
[0.2]
2.8
[0.2]
4.0
[0.3]
5.9
[0.4]
9.0
[0.7]
13.5
[1.2]
17.3
[1.8]
M > 70Est.
[S.E.]
6.3
[0.4]
2.2
[0.2]
2.7
[0.2]
3.7
[0.2]
5.3
[0.4]
7.7
[0.5]
11.0
[0.8]
13.8
[1.1]
M 19+Est.
[S.E.]
6.2
[0.2]
2.2
[0.1]
2.7
[0.1]
3.7
[0.1]
5.3
[0.2]
7.8
[0.3]
11.1
[0.5]
13.8
[0.7]
F 9–13Est.
[S.E.]
5.7
[0.2]
2.2
[0.2]
2.8
[0.2]
3.8
[0.2]
5.2
[0.2]
7.0
[0.2]
9.2
[0.4]
10.7
[0.5]
F 14–18Est.
[S.E.]
5.0
[0.2]
1.5
[0.1]
2.0
[0.2]
3.0
[0.2]
4.4
[0.2]
6.4
[0.3]
8.9
[0.4]
10.7
[0.7]
F 19–30Est.
[S.E.]
4.7
[0.2]
1.7
[0.2]
2.2
[0.2]
3.0
[0.2]
4.2
[0.2]
5.8
[0.3]
7.8
[0.4]
9.3
[0.6]
F 31–50Est.
[S.E.]
5.2
[0.3]
1.9
[0.2]
2.3
[0.2]
3.2
[0.2]
4.5
[0.3]
6.6
[0.5]
9.6
[1.0]
12.0
[1.5]
F 51–70Est.
S.E.
5.0
[0.3]
1.7
[0.2]
2.1
[0.2]
3.0
[0.2]
4.4
[0.3]
6.7
[0.4]
9.8
[0.9]
12.3
[1.3]
F > 70Est.
S.E.
5.3
[0.3]
2.0
[0.2]
2.5
[0.2]
3.4
[0.2]
4.7
[0.3]
6.8
[0.4]
9.4
[0.6]
11.5
[0.9]
F 19+Est.
[S.E.]
5.0
[0.1]
1.8
[0.1]
2.2
[0.1]
3.1
[0.1]
4.4
[0.1]
6.4
[0.2]
9.2
[0.4]
11.5
[0.7]

SOURCE: Statistics Canada, CCHS, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004).

Footnotes

1

Bailey, R. L., K. W. Dodd, J. A. Goldman, J. J. Gahche, J. T. Dwyer, A. J. Moshfegh, C. T. Sempos and M. F. Picciano. 2010. Estimation of Total Usual Calcium and Vitamin D Intake in the United States. Journal of Nutrition 140(4): 817-22.

2

Available online at http://www​.ars.usda.gov/Services/docs​.htm?docid=13793 (accessed August 13, 2010).

3
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK56051

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