Table 3Top 20 most expensive conditions billed to Medicaid, 2006

RankPrincipal DiagnosisTotal national hospital bill (millions)Percentage of national billNumber of hospital stays (thousands)
1Mother’s pregnancy and delivery$20,51615.2%2,055
2Newborn infants$18,22913.5%1,911
3Sepsis$3,4452.5%56
4Pneumonia$3,4082.5%166
5Respiratory failure, insufficiency, arrest (adult)$3,2612.4%44
6Coronary artery disease$2,8872.1%72
7Complication of device, implant or graft$2,8692.1%61
8Congestive heart failure (CHF)$2,6321.9%80
9Schizophrenia and related disorders$2,2841.7%112
10Affective disorders (depression and bipolar disorders)$2,2321.7%167
11Diabetes mellitus with complications$2,1881.6%95
12Acute cerebrovascular disease (stroke)$2,0941.5%35
13Acute myocardial infarction (AMI, heart attack)$2,0221.5%34
14Skin and subcutaneous tissue infections$1,7011.3%105
15Complications of surgical procedures or medical care$1,6551.2%52
16Asthma$1,5871.2%127
17HIV infection$1,5251.1%32
18Gall bladder disease$1,4681.1%55
19Intracranial injury$1,4351.1%21
20Nonspecific chest pain$1,3661.0%101
Total for top 20 conditions$78,80658.3%5,381
Total for all hospitalizations$135,135100.0%7,688

Source: AHRQ, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2006

From: The National Hospital Bill: The Most Expensive Conditions by Payer, 2006

Cover of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs
Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Statistical Briefs [Internet].

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.