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Cover of Mobility of PhD’s Before and After the Doctorate

Mobility of PhD’s Before and After the Doctorate

with Associated Economic and Educational Characteristics of States

Career Patterns Report Number Three


Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-10: 0-309-01874-9

The present report is concerned specifically with the mobility of holders of the doctorate. Immigration and internal migration are both considered, as are the factors that govern mobility among disciplines and occupations. Although the mass immigrations of the nineteenth century have now been reduced to a trickle, inflow of scholars and scientists from other countries continues. A large fraction of outstanding scientists in this country today were born elsewhere. The internal migration of students who eventually earn doctorates is numerically greater by an order of magnitude than is the external migration. As they move from state to state at various career stages, they encounter differing conditions of economic level and educational development. In turn, as they graduate and enter gainful employment, their contributions affect these same parameters of economy and education. The internal flow of Ph.D.’s significantly reduces the differences among the states, particularly with respect to higher education.


Prepared for the National Institutes of Health under Contract PH 43-64-44

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Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 72-611001

Printed in the United States of America

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Bookshelf ID: NBK549939PMID: 31765111


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