Table 18Infant mortality rates, by race and Hispanic origin of mother, and state: United States, average annual 1989–1991, 2001–2003, and 2004–2006

[Data are based on linked birth and death certificates for infants]

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StateAll races Not Hispanic or Latina
White Black or African American
1989–199112001–200322004–200621989–199112001–200322004–200621989–199112001–200322004–20062
Infant3 deaths per 1,000 live births
United States9.06.96.87.35.75.717.213.613.5
 Alabama11.49.09.18.66.77.016.814.113.8
 Alaska9.26.86.57.25.15.0***
 Arizona8.86.66.68.26.16.117.313.812.3
 Arkansas9.88.58.28.17.67.015.213.114.0
 California7.65.35.26.94.74.715.411.111.4
 Colorado8.76.06.18.05.25.216.714.214.0
 Connecticut7.96.05.85.94.64.017.013.613.4
 Delaware11.29.58.68.27.66.320.116.415.0
 District of Columbia20.310.912.6*8.2*3.8*3.223.914.818.5
 Florida9.47.47.27.25.95.916.213.312.8
 Georgia11.98.78.28.46.36.117.913.512.9
 Hawaii7.07.06.15.55.3*3.7*13.6**21.1
 Idaho8.96.26.38.96.06.0***
 Illinois10.77.67.47.65.95.920.515.514.4
 Indiana9.47.77.98.47.07.017.313.816.1
 Iowa8.25.65.27.85.35.015.8*12.3*8.2
 Kansas8.57.17.37.86.36.815.415.814.4
 Kentucky8.76.67.08.16.36.514.410.112.5
 Louisiana410.29.810.07.57.07.014.313.914.7
 Maine6.65.26.36.25.16.2***
 Maryland9.18.07.96.35.45.515.013.212.9
 Massachusetts7.04.94.95.94.04.014.210.210.3
 Michigan10.58.27.67.76.35.720.716.715.7
 Minnesota7.35.15.06.44.54.418.58.49.6
 Mississippi11.510.510.67.97.16.815.214.715.4
 Missouri9.77.97.58.06.56.518.015.713.8
 Montana9.07.36.08.06.95.0***
 Nebraska8.16.45.97.25.65.218.315.212.2
 Nevada8.65.86.27.85.45.516.912.814.4
 New Hampshire47.14.35.67.24.25.3***
 New Jersey8.45.95.46.13.93.717.813.111.8
 New Mexico8.46.16.18.16.16.8*17.2**
 New York9.56.05.96.34.64.618.411.211.5
 North Carolina10.78.38.58.06.26.416.915.115.7
 North Dakota8.07.55.97.36.85.4***
 Ohio9.07.87.87.76.36.416.215.415.9
 Oklahoma48.07.88.07.37.27.712.714.313.0
 Oregon8.05.65.67.45.65.521.3*9.3*9.6
 Pennsylvania9.27.47.47.26.05.819.114.113.8
 Rhode Island8.76.96.07.55.33.9*13.6*11.8*11.5
 South Carolina11.88.99.08.46.16.317.214.514.3
 South Dakota9.56.97.37.55.76.2***
 Tennessee10.29.18.77.87.16.918.216.915.9
 Texas7.96.26.36.95.75.814.111.912.1
 Utah7.05.25.06.84.84.7***
 Vermont6.65.15.56.35.05.6***
 Virginia9.97.57.37.45.75.718.014.213.8
 Washington8.05.75.17.45.34.515.19.48.2
 West Virginia9.17.97.68.87.77.3*15.7*12.5*15.1
 Wisconsin8.46.86.37.45.55.017.017.516.9
 Wyoming8.46.07.48.05.67.3***
StateHispanic or Latina5 American Indian or Alaska Native6 Asian or Pacific Islander6
1989–199112001–200322004–200621989–199112001–200322004–200621989–199112001–200322004–20062
Infant3 deaths per 1,000 live births
United States7.55.65.512.69.08.36.64.84.7
 Alabama*7.07.4******
 Alaska***15.710.69.8***
 Arizona8.06.26.711.49.77.2*8.5*6.25.9
 Arkansas**5.36.3******
 California7.05.14.911.07.36.36.44.34.1
 Colorado8.56.37.0*16.5***7.8*6.7*5.6
 Connecticut7.96.37.8******3.2
 Delaware**6.9*5.5******
 District of Columbia*8.8*7.2*******
 Florida7.15.35.1**7.4**6.25.15.5
 Georgia9.06.45.1****8.26.55.9
 Hawaii10.7*6.86.1***7.17.36.4
 Idaho*7.27.07.3******
 Illinois9.25.96.2***6.05.45.1
 Indiana*7.26.46.7******
 Iowa*11.9*6.5*5.0******8.7
 Kansas8.77.36.5******6.4
 Kentucky**4.97.3******
 Louisiana7- - -*4.5*5.7*****9.9*
 Maine*********
 Maryland7.26.05.3***7.54.34.6
 Massachusetts8.36.36.4***5.73.43.6
 Michigan7.97.37.3*10.7***6.15.24.9
 Minnesota*8.45.74.317.3*9.8*9.5*5.15.54.1
 Mississippi***5.8******
 Missouri*9.17.06.3****9.1*6.2*5.5
 Montana***16.7*9.4*10.0***
 Nebraska*8.86.25.9*18.2*****
 Nevada7.04.45.1*****4.3*5.5
 New Hampshire7- - -********
 New Jersey7.56.15.1***5.63.74.7
 New Mexico7.85.95.49.86.07.6***
 New York9.45.55.3*15.2*11.9*6.43.43.8
 North Carolina*7.56.16.212.211.010.6*6.3*4.86.1
 North Dakota****13.8*11.4*9.8***
 Ohio8.08.25.6****4.8*5.1*4.3
 Oklahoma7- - -5.65.47.87.48.3***6.3
 Oregon8.54.75.4*15.7*8.9*8.5*8.4*4.7*5.1
 Pennsylvania10.98.07.7***7.84.05.6
 Rhode Island*7.28.88.0******
 South Carolina*5.37.4*****7.9*6.1
 South Dakota***19.912.612.4***
 Tennessee*6.66.5*****6.4*7.5
 Texas7.05.45.5***6.84.44.2
 Utah*7.06.45.3*10.0***10.7*7.9*7.7
 Vermont*********
 Virginia7.64.95.3***6.05.04.0
 Washington7.65.24.819.610.69.36.24.74.5
 West Virginia*********
 Wisconsin*7.36.95.7*11.9*12.7*8.1*6.7*6.6*5.7
 Wyoming*********
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Rates preceded by an asterisk are based on fewer than 50 deaths in the numerator. Rates not shown are based on fewer than 20 deaths in the numerator.

- - -

Data not available.

1

Rates based on unweighted birth cohort data.

2
3

Under 1 year of age.

4

Rates for white and black are substituted for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black for Louisiana for 1989, Oklahoma for 1989–1990, and New Hampshire for 1989–1991.

5

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin.

6

Includes persons of Hispanic origin.

7

Rates for Hispanic origin exclude data from states not reporting Hispanic origin on the birth certificate for 1 or more years in a 3-year period.

NOTES: Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. National linked files do not exist for 1992–1994.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2010
Health, United States, 2010: With Special Feature on Death and Dying.
National Center for Health Statistics (US).
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2011 Feb.

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