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Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Institute of Child Health and Human Development; 2006-.

Cover of Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®)

Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed®) [Internet].

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Last Revision: September 19, 2022.

Estimated reading time: 1 minute

CASRN: 516-54-1

image 135049778 in the ncbi pubchem database

Drug Levels and Effects

Summary of Use during Lactation

Because of the low amounts of brexanolone in milk and low oral bioavailability, brexanolone would not be expected to cause any adverse effects in breastfed infants. If brexanolone is required by the mother, it is not a reason to discontinue breastfeeding. Because excessive sedation or sudden loss of consciousness can occur during brexanolone infusion, it is suggested that patients provide a separate caregiver for any child who is present during the infusion.[1]

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. Brexanolone is the pharmaceutical name for the naturally occurring hormone allopregnanolone. Brexanolone has an oral bioavailability of less than 5% in adults.

Twelve healthy women who were less than 6 months postpartum received an intravenous infusion of brexanolone titrated to a maximum of 90 mg/kg per hour then tapered down over 60 hours at various study sites. Breastmilk was collected at random times, but at least every 12 hours, daily for 7 days. Peak milk levels occurred between hours 24 and 48 of the infusion when the maximum dosage was being infused. The average peak allopregnanolone breastmilk level was 125 mcg/L. Milk levels fell below the limit of detection (5 mcg/L) in most women by about 3 days after the end of the infusion. These data were incorporated into a population pharmacokinetic model that predicted that 95% of patients have milk allopregnanolone levels <10 mcg/L at 36 hours after the end of the infusion. The predicted median weight-adjusted percent of maternal dosage was 0.69% and the maximum was 1.3%.[2]

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

In a study of 12 healthy women given a 60-hour infusion of brexanolone, there were no reports of effects on milk production according to the manufacturer.


Rosen-Carole C, Ito S. Using brexanolone for postpartum depression must account for lactation. Matern Child Health J. 2021;25:1007–9. PMID. [PubMed: 34019187]
Wald J, Henningsson A, Hanze E, et al. Allopregnanolone concentrations in breast milk and plasma from healthy volunteers receiving brexanolone injection, with population pharmacokinetic modeling of potential relative infant dose. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2022;61:1307–19. PMID. [PMC free article: PMC9439988] [PubMed: 35869362]

Substance Identification

Substance Name


CAS Registry Number


Drug Class



Milk, Human


Antidepressive Agents

GABA Agents


Progesterone Congeners

Disclaimer: Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. The U.S. government does not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.

Copyright Notice

Attribution Statement: LactMed is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Bookshelf ID: NBK540687PMID: 31038852


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