TABLE 7-2Basic Drug List for Cancer and AIDS Pain Relief: Analgesics and Adjuvant Drugs

CategoryBasic DrugsAlternatives
Analgesics
Non-opioidsacetylsalicylic acid (ASA; aspirin)choline magnesium trisalicylate
paracetamoldiflunisal
ibuprofennaproxen
indomethacindiclofenac
celecoxib
rofecoxib
Opioids for mild to moderate paincodeinedihydrocodeine
hydrocodone
tramadol
Opioids for moderate to severe painmorphinemethadone
hydromorphone
oxycodone
pethidine
buprenophine
fentanyl
Opioid antagonistsnaloxonenalorphine
Adjuvant Drugs for Analgesia and Symptom Control
Antiemeticsprochlorperazinemetaclopramide
ondansetron
Laxativessennabisacodyl
sodium docusatebran
mineral oildantron
lactulose
magnesium hydroxide
sorbitol
Antidiarrheal agentsloperamide
diphenoxylate HCl/atropine sulfate
paregoric
Antidepressants (adjuvant analgesics)amitriptylineimipramine
paroxetine
Antipsychotichaloperidol
Anticonvulsants (adjuvant analgesics)gabapentin
carbamazepine
valproic acid
Corticosteroidsprednisone
dexamethasone
prednisolone
Anxiolyticsdiazepam
lorazepam
midazolam
clonazepam
Psychostimulantsmethylphenidatepemoline

From: 7, Palliative Care

Cover of Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Cancer Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries; Sloan FA, Gelband H, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.
Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.

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