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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Cancer Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries; Sloan FA, Gelband H, editors. Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.

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Cancer Control Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

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APPENDIX BAcronyms and Abbreviations

AC

doxorubicin

ACCP

Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention

ACS

American Cancer Society

ACSU

American Cancer Society University

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ALL

acute lymphoblastic leukemia

ASCO

American Society of Clinical Oncology

ASCUS

atypical cells of uncertain significance

ASH

Action on Smoking and Health

BHGI

Breast Health Global Initiative

BMI

body mass index

CBC

complete blood count

CBE

clinical breast examination

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CD-ROM

compact disc-read only memory

CIN

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

CMF

cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil

CML

chronic myelogenous leukemia

CRS

creditor reporting system

CT

computed tomography

CTPR93

Control of Tobacco Products Regulation 1993

CTSU

Clinical Trial Service Unit

DALY

disability-adjusted life-year

DCIS

ductal carcinoma in situ

DES

diethylstilbestrol

DIRAC

Directory of Radiotherapy Centres

DTP

diphtheria, tetanus, polio

DVI

direct visual inspection

EC

epirubicin and cyclophosphamide

ED

Europa Donna

ER

estrogen receptor

ESMO

European Society for Medical Oncology

FAC

5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin, and cyclophosphamide

FCTC

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

GAVI

Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization

GNI

gross national income

GSK

GlaxoSmithKline

HBsAg

hepatitis B surface antigen

HBV

hepatitis B virus

HC

hybrid capture

HCC

hepatocellular carcinoma

HCV

hepatitis C virus

HER-2/neu

Human epidermal growth factor receptor

HKL

Hospital Kuala Lumpur

HINARI

Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative

HIV/AIDS

human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

HPV

human papillomavirus

HSIL

high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion

HTLV-1

human T lymphotropic virus type 1

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IHC

immunohistochemistry

ILO

International Labor Organization

INCB

International Narcotics Control Board

INCTR

International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research

INEN

Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas (National Institute for Neoplastic Illnesses; Lima, Peru)

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IOP

International Outreach Program

KJ

kilojoules

LBC

liquid-based cytology

LEEP

loop electrosurgical excision procedure

LH-RH

luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone

LMCs

low- and middle-income countries

LSIL

low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion

MBCC

Malaysian Breast Cancer Council

MECC

Middle East Cancer Consortium

MIC

medical information center

MISPHO

Monza International School of Pediatric Oncology

MOH

Ministry of Health

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

NCCP

National Cancer Control Programme

NCD

noncommunicable disease

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCR

National Cancer Registry

NGE

no global estimate

NGO

nongovernmental organizations

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NRT

nicotine replacement therapy

NSAID

non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

OC

oral contraceptive

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

ORCI

Ocean Road Cancer Institute

PACT

Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy

PAF

population attributable fraction

PATH

Program on Appropriate Technology for Health

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PCU

pediatric cancer unit

PDA

personal digital assistant

PEPFAR

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

PET

positron emission tomography

POND

Pediatric Oncology Networked Database

PPSG

Pain and Policy Studies Group

PR

progesterone receptor

PSA

prostate specific antigen

QALY

quality-adjusted life-year

RRI

Reach to Recovery International

SIOP

International Society of Pediatric Oncology

SPECT

single photon emission computed tomography

STEPS

STEPwise Approach to Surveillance

STI

sexually transmitted infection

STM

specimen transport medium

TFI

Tobacco Free Initiative

TNM

tumor, nodes, metastases (cancer staging system)

UICC

International Union Against Cancer

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

USAID

U.S. Agency for International Development

UV

ultraviolet

VIA

visual inspection with acetic acid

VILI

visual inspection with Lugol’s iodine

YLL

years of life lost

WHA

World Health Assembly

WHF

World Heart Federation

WHO

World Health Organization

WHOCC

WHO Collaborating Center

WIA

Women’s Indian Association (a designation for the Cancer Institute in Chennai)

WiRED

World Internet Resources for Education and Development

Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK54029

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