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Gulf War and Health

Volume 11: Generational Health Effects of Serving in the Gulf War

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Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-13: 978-0-309-47823-6ISBN-10: 0-309-47823-5

For the United States, the 1991 Persian Gulf War was a brief and successful military operation with few injuries and deaths. However, soon after returning from duty, a large number of veterans began reporting health problems they believed were associated with their service in the Gulf. At the request of Congress, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has been conducting an ongoing review of the evidence to determine veterans' long-term health problems and potential causes. Some of the health effects identified by past reports include post-traumatic stress disorders, other mental health disorders, Gulf War illness, respiratory effects, and self-reported sexual dysfunction. Veterans' concerns regarding the impacts of deployment-related exposures on their health have grown to include potential adverse effects on the health of their children and grandchildren. These concerns now increasingly involve female veterans, as more women join the military and are deployed to war zones and areas that pose potential hazards. Gulf War and Health: Volume 11 evaluates the scientific and medical literature on reproductive and developmental effects and health outcomes associated with Gulf War and Post-9/11 exposures, and designates research areas requiring further scientific study on potential health effects in the descendants of veterans of any era.


This activity was supported by Contract Number VA701-16-C-0029 between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

Suggested citation:

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Gulf War and health, volume 11: Generational health effects of serving in the Gulf War. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:

Copyright 2018 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Bookshelf ID: NBK535926PMID: 30629394DOI: 10.17226/25162


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