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Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders; Uganda National Academy of Sciences Forum on Health and Nutrition. Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa: Reducing the Treatment Gap, Improving Quality of Care: Workshop Summary. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.

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Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders in Sub-Saharan Africa: Reducing the Treatment Gap, Improving Quality of Care: Workshop Summary.

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Thérèse Agossou, M.D., from the Congo, is regional adviser for Mental Health and Substance Abuse in the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) Regional Office for Africa in Brazzaville. Dr. Agossou is a mental health professional (psychiatry and child psychiatry) who has been working at the WHO since 2002. Since 2003, she has been in charge of the program for promotion of mental health, prevention of psychoactive substance abuse, and management of related public health problems. This program supports the 46 countries of the African Region in their efforts to consider in their national agendas mental health as a major factor in well-being, safety, and development, and to develop and implement policies, action plans, and legislation that reflect the various contexts. Before joining the WHO, Dr. Agossou worked for 22 years as a practitioner and professor of child psychiatry in the areas of clinical practice, education, training, and research. Mobilization of the key players in the communities to work toward the health and well-being of families and children strengthened her involvement in formal and informal women’s networks on the community, national, regional, and international levels. She recognizes that involvement as having been and still being a source of enriching experiences.

Florence Baingana, M.D., is a psychiatrist who has been working as a Research Fellow with the Makerere University School of Public Health since 2007. From 2004 to 2006, she worked as a consultant with the World Bank, where she was one of the editors of Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. From 2000 to 2002, Dr. Baingana was a senior health specialist responsible for mental health, seconded to the World Bank by the World Federation for Mental Health, with the support of the MacArthur Foundation. The position was then supported by the U.S. government through the Center for Mental Health Services and the National Institute of Mental Health from 2002 to 2004. From 1999 to 2000, Dr. Baingana established the Mental Health Unit in the Ministry of Health of Uganda. She is a finance committee member and an honorary member of the World Psychiatric Association; an advisory committee member of the Children and War Foundation; and a member of the University Council and vice chairperson of the Finance Committee, International Health Services University, Kampala, Uganda. Dr. Baingana is an editorial board member of Interventions and an international committee member of Consensus Research on Mental Health and Psychosocial Issues in Humanitarian Settings. Dr. Baingana completed her M.B.Ch.B. in 1983 and M. Med. in Psychiatry in 1990 at Makerere University. In 2009, Dr. Baingana began a 30-month Master’s Fellowship with Well-come Trust; she will pursue an M.Sc. in Health Policy, Planning, and Financing, a combined degree from the London School of Economics and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, where she hopes to specialize in mental health economics. She will then return to Uganda and carry out a study on mental health financing as part of the Fellowship support.

Roy Baskind, M.D., FRCPC, is a neurologist practicing in Toronto, Canada. Originally from South Africa, he completed medical school at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas and went on to complete postgraduate training in neurology at the Montreal Neurological Institute of McGill University. His interest in neurology in the resource-poor world developed during his residency, when he spent an extended period working in a small rural hospital in Zambia under the direction of Dr. Gretchen Birbeck (Director of the International Neurological and Psychiatric Epidemiology Program at Michigan State University). He was closely involved in studies of traditional healers in epilepsy care. He has also served as an adviser to the Highlands Hope project, which is aimed at improving neurological care in rural hospitals in Tanzania.

Gary Belkin, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., is an associate professor of psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, and deputy director of the Department of Psychiatry, Bellevue Hospital Centre, New York. As a doctoral-trained historian, Professor Belkin has been interested in the value of historical scholarship to inform medical practice, with a particular focus on using history to think about the political and ethical dimensions of medicine and public health. Professor Belkin is completing a book study under contract with Oxford University Press on the work of the Harvard Brain Death Committee and evolving care for hopelessly ill individuals as a way to gain historical understanding of the bioethics movement, the uses of medicine as a source of ethical discourse, and attitudes about medical progress, ethics, and technology. This work questions assumptions about the historical appearance and value of bioethics. Professor Belkin has also been pursuing work on an eventual book-length exploration of the uses and meanings of explanations of behavior and “social psychiatry” in political and clinical thought and ethical practice. This latter interest also stems from developing demonstration projects and related research efforts that move forward community-based model approaches to mental health (and the relevance of such approaches to social development and public health strategies globally and locally), as well as to model the intellectual content and direction of public mental health as a discipline and policy-relevant domain.

Marcelo Cruz, M.D., is president of the Global Network for Research on Mental and Neurological Health. He has published on neuroepidemiology, epilepsy, parasitic diseases, and neurodevelopmental disabilities. His current research examines cerebral cysticercosis as the cause of epilepsy, hydrocephalus, and dementia, as well as the clinical description, the distribution, and means of prevention and control of this parasitic infection. Dr. Cruz is the former Minister of Public Health of Ecuador and a World Bank consultant for health reform. He is an honorary member of the American Academy of Neurology. He also belongs to the Latin American Society of Pediatric Neurology, the Pan American Society of Neuroepidemiology, and the Francophone Network on Research of the Nervous System.

Paul Farmer, M.D., Ph.D., is a medical anthropologist and physician. Dr. Farmer is the Maude and Lillian Presley Professor of Social Medicine in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School, where he is also vice chair, and the founding director of Partners In Health, an international nonprofit organization that provides direct healthcare services and undertakes research and advocacy activities on behalf of those who are sick and living in poverty. Dr. Farmer’s work draws primarily on active clinical practice and focuses on community based treatment strategies for infectious diseases in resource-poor settings, health and human rights, and the role of social inequalities in determining disease distribution and outcomes. He is the associate chief of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) in Boston, Massachusetts, and he served for 10 years as medical director of a charity hospital, L’Hôpital Bon Sauveur, in rural Haiti. Along with his colleagues at BWH, in the Program in Infectious Disease and Social Change at Harvard Medical School, and in Haiti, Peru, Russia, Rwanda, Lesotho, and Malawi, Dr. Farmer has pioneered novel, community-based treatment strategies for AIDS and tuberculosis (including multidrug-resistant tuberculosis). Dr. Farmer and his colleagues have successfully challenged the policy makers and critics who claim that quality health care is impossible to deliver in resource-poor settings. Dr. Farmer is the recipient of the Carter Award for Humanitarian Contributions to the Health of Humankind from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, the Salk Institute Medal for Health and Humanity, the Duke University Humanitarian Award, the Margaret Mead Award from the American Anthropological Association, the American Medical Association’s Outstanding International Physician (Nathan Davis) Award, the Heinz Award for the Human Condition, and the Skoll Award for Social Entrepreneurship. In 1993, he was awarded a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Award in recognition of his work. Dr. Farmer is the subject of Pulitzer Prize Winner Tracy Kidder’s Mountains Beyond Mountains: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer, a Man Who Would Cure the World (Random House, 2003).

Oye Gureje, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., D.Sc., FRCPsych, FRANZCP, FWACP, is a professor and head of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, and consultant psychiatrist at the University College Hospital in Ibadan. He received his medical training in Nigeria and postgraduate training in both Nigeria and England. His research interests include epidemiology of common mental disorders and of dementia as well as studies of aging, among others. He is currently president of the Association of Psychiatrists in Nigeria and president-elect of the African Association of Psychiatrists and Allied Professionals.

Steven E. Hyman, M.D., is provost of Harvard University and professor of neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. From 1996 to 2001, he served as director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) charged with generating the knowledge needed to understand and treat mental illness. Before serving as director of NIMH, Dr. Hyman was a professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School, director of psychiatry research at Massachusetts General Hospital, and the first faculty director of Harvard University’s Mind, Brain, and Behavior Initiative. In the laboratory he studied the regulation of gene expression by neurotransmitters, especially dopamine, and by drugs that influence dopamine systems. This research was aimed at understanding addiction and the action of therapeutic psy-chotropic drugs. Dr. Hyman is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a Fellow of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. He is editor-in-chief of the Annual Review of Neuroscience. He has received awards for public service from the U.S. government and from patient advocacy groups such as the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill and the National Mental Health Association. Dr. Hyman received his B.A. from Yale College in 1974, summa cum laude, and an M.A. from the University of Cambridge, which he attended as a Mellon Fellow studying the history and philosophy of science. He earned his M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1980, cum laude.

Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, M.D., is a pediatrician and lecturer in the Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda. Her major research interests are neurology and infectious diseases, and she has vast experience in the field of HIV/AIDS among children. The bulk of her educational training has been in Uganda. However, she has also attended several short courses in pediatrics, neurology, and public health in various countries in Africa, Asia, and Europe. She took a course on clinical management of HIV at the Johannesburg Medical School, University of Witwatersrand in South Africa. She has worked as a sessional pediatrician in specialized HIV units in Uganda, including the Mild May International Center, Kajjansi, Uganda (a center for specialist training on HIV/AIDS and management of HIV/AIDS patients). She also worked at the Baylor College of Medicine Children’s Foundation, a pediatric and adolescent HIV center of excellence. She is a member of the South African HIV Clinicians Society and an alumnus of the African International Brain Research Organization-funded schools. She was a recipient of the International Scholarship Award from the American Epilepsy Society in 2005, which she undertook at Children’s Hospital Boston and Harvard Medical School under the supervision of Professor Frances Jensen. She has conducted a study observing features associated with epilepsy in children with HIV/AIDS and currently is pursuing her doctoral studies at Makerere College of Health Sciences and Karolinska Institute, Sweden.

Elly T. Katabira, M.D., is a professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Makerere College of Health Sciences. He is a neurophysician who has also been working in the field of HIV/AIDS care and research since 1985. He is president-elect of the International AIDS Society and a founding member of the Academic Alliance of AIDS Care and Prevention in Africa. He is also a founding member of the AIDS Support Organization and still serves as the organization’s medical adviser. Dr. Katabira received his medical education in Uganda, England, Scotland, and the United States. He is a former deputy dean for research in the Faculty of Medicine at Makerere University. Dr. Katabira is also the author of more than 150 published scientific articles and abstracts.

Yvonne Kayiteshonga is a coordinator at the Mental Health Department at the Ministry of Health in Rwanda. Her duties include defining strategies and plans of action in mental health policies and ensuring their application; advising the minister of health in the coordination and support of international exchanges in the mental health domain; and serving as a focal point for non-governmental organizations (NGOs), associations, and others intervening in that field. The most common illnesses and situations her center encounters are epilepsy (most common), trauma, psychosomatic disorders, and schizophrenia. She is a psychologist and holds a Master’s Degree in Clinical Psychology.

David Kiima, M.B.Ch.B., is the director of mental health in the Ministry of Medical Services in Kenya. He obtained his M.B.Ch.B. and Master of Medicine at the University of Nairobi. He has a Diploma in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry from the Institute of Psychiatry London. He has worked for the Kenyan government as a medical officer since 1981; a consultant psychiatrist (1987–1992); the deputy director of mental health (1992–1997); and the director of mental health (since 1998). He participated in the development of the WHO Resource Book on Mental Health, Human Rights and Legislation 2005 as well as the WHO Mental Health Policy and Service Guidance Package 2003.

Edward K. Kirumira, Ph.D., is dean of the faculty of social sciences at Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. He is a Fellow, council member, and chair of the Forum on Health and Nutrition of the Uganda National Academy of Sciences. He has worked extensively with various aspects of population, fertility, and health in the Ugandan context, and also with reference to the current HIV/AIDS crisis throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Professor Kirumira has more than 20 years of experience in program formulation, monitoring, review, and evaluation, mainly in relation to the health sectors, but also in relation to rural development, good governance, institutional development, and public-sector management. He has served as an external examiner and visiting professor in a number of international universities in Europe, the Far East, and United States. He is a member of various professional bodies, including the Population Association of Uganda, the Organisation of Social Sciences Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, and the International Union of the Scientific Study of Population. Professor Kirumira has published widely on population and development, reproductive health, sexuality, and HIV/AIDS. He received his Ph.D. from the Department of Sociology at the University of Copenhagen in conjunction with Harvard University’s Department of Population and International Health. He holds an M.A. in Population Research from the Institute of Population Studies, Exeter University, United Kingdom, and a B.A. in Sociology from Makerere University.

Daniel Japheth Kyabayinze, M.B.Ch.B., M.Sc., is a clinical epidemiologist and research officer at Malaria Consortium–Africa. Dr. Kyabayinze was trained at the two best medical schools in Uganda, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences for an M.Sc. in Epidemiology, and Mbarara University of Science and Technology for an M.B.Ch.B. Dr. Kyabayinze has received training at international universities, including postgraduate training in molecular epidemiology at the University of California–San Francisco, the University of Cape Town South Africa in regression modeling, and the University of Washington in point-of-care diagnostics. He also had medical training at Tameside Hospital in Manchester, United Kingdom, as an elective student. Dr. Kyabayinze has a wealth of experience in research on tropical diseases, particularly malaria, HIV, and neglected diseases; he has more than 20 publications in peer-reviewed journals, and he volunteers as a reviewer of various journals in his field of expertise. Dr. Kyabayinze has presented his work at various local and international meetings in Africa, the United States, and Europe. He is a recipient of various research and training grants, including a European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials partnership fellowship grant in 2005, an NIH Fogarty International training grant, and a Swedish International Development Agency and American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene networking and training grants. As an epidemiologist at the Regional Centre for Quality of Health Care and quality control manager at Uganda Malaria Surveillance Project, Makerere University, he coordinated projects funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development. Dr. Kyabayinze was previously a teaching assistant at Makerere University. He has worked in various parts of urban and rural Uganda as a clinician, researcher, and implementer of disease prevention interventions. With this broad experience, Dr. Kyabayinze now has the burden of bridging the gap between research and policy and translating ongoing research into health policies that will improve the health of Ugandans.

Alan I. Leshner, Ph.D., is chief executive officer of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and executive publisher of its journal, Science. Previously Dr. Leshner had been director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse and deputy director and acting director of the NIMH. Before that, he held a variety of senior positions at the National Science Foundation. Dr. Leshner began his career at Bucknell University, where he was a professor of psychology. Dr. Leshner is an elected member (and on the governing council) of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow of AAAS, the National Academy of Public Administration, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was appointed by the U.S. President to the National Science Board, and he is a member of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the NIH. He received an A.B. in Psychology from Franklin and Marshall College and M.S. and Ph.D. in Physiological Psychology from Rutgers University. Dr. Leshner has been awarded six honorary Doctor of Science degrees.

William B. P. Matuja, M.B.Ch.B., M.R.C.Psy., M.R.C.P., is a professor of neurology and coordinator of the Neurology Unit at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS) in Tanzania. Professor Matuja serves as coordinator of the Postgraduate NOMA Programme at MUHAS and is also an honorary professor of medicine (neurology) at the Aga Khan University of East Africa. He also serves as president, Tanzania Epilepsy Association; chair, National Polio Expert Committee at the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare; member, Technical Committee of Cysticercosis Working Group in East and Southern Africa; and member, National Institute for Medical Research Taskforce on Cysticercosis, Tanzania. Professor Matuja has researched and published widely on neurology, epilepsy, the elderly, and other mental health issues. He is also a recipient of several research grants. Professor Matuja completed his undergraduate studies in medicine and surgery at Makerere University in Uganda before specializing in neurology and psychiatry at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in the United Kingdom. He received further postgraduate training in internal medicine at the same university.

Michelle McMurry, M.D., Ph.D., is director of the Health, Biomedical Science, and Society Policy Program and the Aspen Health Forum at the Aspen Institute. She trained in pediatrics and molecular immunology. Since transitioning into health and science policy, her work has focused on the intersection of biomedical research funding policies, healthcare disparities, and global health inequities. She has been a Global Health Fellow at the Council for Foreign Relations and is an adjunct assistant professor of health policy at George Washington University. She was a Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholar at the University of California at Berkeley and San Francisco. She formerly oversaw health and social policy issues for Senator Joseph Lieberman and was the senior health policy adviser for the Lieberman for President Campaign. She also worked to improve diversity in graduate science education in the Office of the Director of the National Science Foundation as an AAAS Science Policy Fellow. She received her M.D. and Ph.D. in molecular immunology from Duke University and her undergraduate degree in biochemistry at Harvard University.

Osman Miyanji, M.D., graduated from Makerere University, Kampala, in 1971, and completed his postgraduate studies in Pediatrics (Master of Medicine) at the University of Nairobi in 1976. He obtained a Diploma in Neuropsychiatry and a certificate in Electroencephalography in 1981 from the University of Vienna, Austria. He served in the Kenya public service in various positions from 1971 to 1979, including provincial pediatrician and consultant. Since 1980 he has been based at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi (AKUH-N), starting as hospital pediatrician, and later as chair of the Department of Pediatrics (1994–2004). Dr. Miyanji has been a consultant in pediatrics and pediatric neurology at the AKUH-N and Gertrude Gardens Children’s Hospital, Nairobi. He is an honorary lecturer at the AKUH-N. He also played a leading role in developing pediatric neurology and epilepsy services in Kenya. He was one of the founding directors of the Kenya Association for the Welfare of People with Epilepsy in 1982 and has been its chair since 1997. For many years he has been a council member of the Kenya Society of Epilepsy.

Paul E. Mugambi, M.Sc., Ph.D., is a founding member and president of the Uganda National Academy of Sciences. He is also the vice chancellor of Nkumba University, one of the nascent chartered universities in Uganda. Professor Mugambi has vast experience in university administration; he served as head of the Department of Mathematics, dean faculty of science, and director, Institute of Computer Science, among others at Makerere University from 1976 to 1996. He has made significant contribution to the formulation of national policy frameworks; the most recent was the National ICT Policy Framework, for which he served as chairperson of the drafting committee. He holds a B.Sc., M.Sc., and Ph.D., and he is the first professor of mathematics in East Africa. In 1991 he was awarded a Medal by the African Mathematical Union in recognition of his contribution to the development of mathematics in Africa. In 1999 he was awarded a Certificate of Merit for 25 years of meritorious service to Makerere University. He is involved in active teaching, sits on a number of academic bodies, and belongs to a number of professional organizations, including the American Mathematical Society, Biometric Society, and Uganda Mathematical Society, of which he was the founding president in 1970. For 10 years starting in 1992, he served as the main coordinator of all projects of Makerere University under the Norwegian Universities’ Committee for Development Research and Education program.

David M. Ndetei, M.D., did his undergraduate medical training in Kenya and postgraduate training in psychiatry at the Institute of Psychiatry, London. He earned his Doctorate in Psychiatry at the University of Nairobi. He is professor of psychiatry at the University of Nairobi, a position he has held since 1995. He is the founding director of Africa Mental Health Foundation, a non-governmental organization (NGO) dedicated to research for evidence-based policy, as well as practice in and promotion of mental and neurological health and healthy behavior. He is also a member of the Kenya Medical Research Institute National Ethical Research Committee. Since 1998, he has held various administrative positions at the University of Nairobi, including chair of the Department of Psychiatry and member of the University Senate. He has published more than 200 papers and chapters in different peer-reviewed journals. He is editor of The Africa Text Book of Psychiatry and Mental Health, bringing together 69 contributors from all of Africa, including South Africa. He has finished editing three other books and is in the process of editing another for top-range mental health practice and research in Africa. Professor Ndetei is currently involved in several research activities on various aspects of mental and neurological health, such as HIV, malaria, and neurobehavioral development in early childhood; the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and drug use among community-dwelling adults seeking HIV testing in Nairobi, Kenya; and training on the UNODC Gloj71 Master Trainer on the Treatnet Training Package and Community-Based Detoxification and Rehabilitation of Alcohol Abusers, Kangemi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Sheila P. Zaramba Ndyanabangi, M.D., is a principal medical officer and head of the Mental Health Unit at the Ministry of Health, Uganda. She also serves as the chairperson of the Tobacco and Health Forum; as focal person, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Control; and as a member of the Legislation Taskforce at the Ministry. Dr. Ndyanabangi is also vice chairperson of the University Council at Uganda Christian University, Mukono. She has researched and published on varied issues in mental health. She holds a bachelor’s of Medicine, bachelor’s of Surgery, and master’s of Medicine in Public Health from Makerere University. She has also attended short courses in mental health and child illnesses in various countries in Africa and Europe.

Charles Newton, M.D., was born in Kenya and qualified in Cape Town, South Africa, with postgraduate training in Pediatrics in Manchester and London, United Kingdom. As a lecturer at the University of Oxford, he went to Kilifi in Kenya to help set up a unit to study severe malaria in African children. Then he spent two years as a Postdoctoral Fellow at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland, studying mechanisms of brain damage in central nervous system (CNS) infections. He went to Great Ormond Street Hospital, UK, to complete his training in pediatric neurology. In 1998 he was awarded a Wellcome Trust Senior Clinical Fellowship to return to Kilifi to study CNS infections in children. He became head of clinical research in Kilifi, and he has published on a wide variety of subjects concerning sick children in tropical countries. He continues to live in Kenya, where he conducts research on CNS infections in children; epidemiological studies of epilepsy and neurological impairment; tetanus, jaundice, and sepsis in neonates; and sick children admitted to district hospitals in Africa. He is currently conducting epidemiological studies of epilepsy in five countries in Africa.

Alfred K. Njamnshi, M.D., M.A., DMS, FMH, is Swiss board-certified as a consultant neurologist and clinical neurophysiologist, and he heads the Neurology Department of the Central Hospital Yaoundé (Teaching Hospital). He is also vice dean in the Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences of the University of Yaoundé 1 in Cameroon. He is the founding president of the Society of Cameroonian Neurologists and First Vice President of the Cameroonian League Against Epilepsy, in charge of international affairs. Professor Njamnshi has shown leadership in the development of neurology in Cameroon and now contributes to the development of neurology and neuroscience in other African countries. Formerly, he was subdirector in charge of disease control, and later, of scientific networks in the Ministry of Public Health of Cameroon, contributing to evidence-informed policy in neurological disorders. On the international scene, Professor Njamnshi is president of the Pan African Association of Neurological Sciences, regional director for Africa of the World Federation of Neurology (WFN), and chair of the Africa Committee of the WFN. He is also a board and faculty member of the Africa Committee of the International Brain Research Organisation (IBRO). In these capacities, he has played a key role in the EFNS-IBRO-WFN-sponsored neurology teaching courses and in many neuroscience schools in Africa, mentoring a good number of young African neurologists and neuroscientists. Professor Njamnshi has published significantly in the areas of epilepsy, stroke, and neurological manifestations of AIDS.

Frank Njenga, M.D., is the current president of the African Association of Psychiatrists and Allied Professions and treasurer of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, Africa Division. He is a visiting research associate with the Institute of Psychiatry, UK–Health Service Research Department. He has authored and edited several books, including the landmark Essentials of Psychiatry for Sub-Saharan Africa. He is also author of many book chapters, and he has published extensively in peer-reviewed journals on a variety of subjects, including culture, posttraumatic stress disorder, childhood disorders, and policy development. He is a regular participant in regional and international meetings. He runs a private psychiatric hospital in Nairobi. He has hosted a weekly TV program titled Frankly Speaking, which helped to break stigma barriers in mental health in East Africa. He graduated from Maudsley Hospital in 1980. He is a Fellow of the Royal College of Psychiatrists and a member of the American Psychiatric Association.

Vikram Patel, Ph.D., is a psychiatrist with a special interest in global mental health. His passion is to contribute to the goal of closing the treatment gap and to protect the human rights of people with mental disorders worldwide. The Wellcome Trust has supported Dr. Patel’s work since 1996, and he is currently a Senior Clinical Research Fellow in Tropical Medicine. Dr. Patel works for most of the year in Goa, India, working with Goan NGOs and the government of Goa’s Directorate of Health Services. Dr. Patel is the cofounder of Sangath, a Goan NGO that won the MacArthur Foundation’s International Prize in 2008, an editor of the influential Lancet series on global mental health (2007), a leader in setting up the new Movement for Global Mental Health, and the author of the mental health care manual for non-specialist health workers, Where There Is No Psychiatrist. Dr. Patel is currently working on the development of a Lancet series on universal health care for all of India.

Inge Petersen, Ph.D., is a professor and previous head of the School of Psychology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Dr. Petersen received her Ph.D. on the integration of mental health into primary health care from the University of Cape Town. She previously served as convenor of the national mental health policy commission of the African National Congress in the build-up to the first democratic elections in South Africa in 1994. Dr. Petersen is currently a research collaborator on the Mental Health and Poverty Project.

Mathaabe Cecilia Ranthimo is the acting director of mental health for the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in Lesotho. Ms. Ranthimo is a psychiatric nurse. She held the position of senior nursing officer at the National Mental Hospital in Lesotho. Before then she held a senior position as a middle manager in the female ward at the National Mental Hospital. During this time she was also appointed as a clinical instructor. She obtained a degree in Nursing Administration from the University of Natal, South Africa.

Julia Royall is chief of international programs at the National Library of Medicine. For all of her career, Ms. Royall has been committed to bringing together technology and information—first as executive producer of a theatre company she founded on this premise while a doctoral student at Carnegie Mellon University in 1976 and later as a project coordinator at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab. As deputy director of SatelLife, she initiated and directed the HealthNet Information Service, which served and continues to serve African countries. As director of the Multilateral Initiative on Malaria (MIM) Communications Network, she led an initiative to launch fast and reliable Internet connectivity all across Africa, to provide access to current medical literature. Royall has been working in telecommunications in health in Africa since 1990 and has 30 years of experience in the communications field. She was recruited to the National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health in 1997 to create a malaria research network to support scientists in Africa as part of the MIM. For this work she has received the NIH Director’s Award and was recently honored by Federal Computer Week magazine. Her research interests include African American history, the history of the slave trade, PanAfricanism, and the relationship between African traditional communication systems and the Internet.

Donald Silberberg, M.D., is a professor of neurology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He received his M.D. from the University of Michigan School of Medicine, trained in neurology at the NIH, and then was a Fulbright Scholar at the National Hospital, Queen Square, London, and a Fellow in Neuro-ophthalmology at Barnes Hospital. Dr. Silberberg joined the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine in 1963; he served as chair of the Department of Neurology from 1982 to 1994 and as vice dean for International Programs from 1994 to 2004. He serves as an adviser to the NIH, WHO, the World Bank, the National Security Council, the Department of State, the International Clinical Epidemiology Network, and the National Multiple Sclerosis Societies of the United States and the United Kingdom. Dr. Silberberg served as editor-in-chief of the journal Multiple Sclerosis, he serves on numerous editorial boards, and he has published 310 scientific reports, chapters, and reviews.

Harvey Whiteford, M.B.B.S., M.P.H., D.Univ., FRANZCP, FAFPHM, has trained in medicine, psychiatry, and public health in Queensland and at Stanford University. On his return to Australia in 1986 he established what is now the Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, one of Australia’s leading mental health research centers. Dr. Whiteford has held senior clinical and administrative positions in Australia, including those of director of mental health in Queensland (1989 to 1996) and the federal government (1997 to 1999). In 1999 he was appointed to the first mental health position at the World Bank in Washington, DC, where he worked to develop the Bank’s capacity to respond to the rising global burden of mental disorders. He continues to work with the Australian government and international agencies on the design, implementation, and evaluation of mental health programs.

Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK53433


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