TABLE 6-1Risk Factors for Adolescent Problem Behaviors

Risk FactorsSubstance AbuseDelinquencyTeen PregnancySchool DropoutViolenceDepression and Anxiety
Community
Availability of drugs
Availability of firearms
Community laws and norms favorable toward drug use, firearms, and crime
Media portrayals of violence
Transitions and mobility
Low neighborhood attachment and community disorganization
Extreme economic deprivation
Family
Family history of the problem behavior
Family management problems
Family conflict
Favorable parental attitudes and involvement in the problem behavior
School
Academic failure beginning in late elementary school
Lack of commitment to school
Individual/Peer
Early and persistent antisocial behavior
Alienation and rebelliousness
Friends who engage in the problem behavior
Favorable attitude toward the problem behavior
Early initiation of the problem behavior
Constitutional factors

SOURCE: Hawkins and Monahan presentation (data from Brooke-Weiss et al., 2008).

From: 6, Looking to the Future

Cover of The Science of Adolescent Risk-Taking: Workshop Report
The Science of Adolescent Risk-Taking: Workshop Report.
Institute of Medicine (US) and National Research Council (US) Committee on the Science of Adolescence.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011.
Copyright © 2011, National Academy of Sciences.

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