NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

National Center for Health Statistics (US). Health, United States, 2017: With Special Feature on Mortality [Internet]. Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2018.

Cover of Health, United States, 2017

Health, United States, 2017: With Special Feature on Mortality [Internet].

Show details

Table 19Leading causes of death and numbers of deaths, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, 1980 and 2016

Excel version (with more data years and standard errors when available): https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/hus/contents2017.htm#019.

[Data are based on death certificates]

Download this table as an MS Excel spreadsheet (189K)

Download this table as a PDF (776K)

Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and rank order19802016
Cause of deathDeathsCause of deathDeaths
All persons
RankAll causes1,989,841All causes2,744,248
1Diseases of heart761,085Diseases of heart635,260
2Malignant neoplasms416,509Malignant neoplasms598,038
3Cerebrovascular diseases170,225Unintentional injuries161,374
4Unintentional injuries105,718Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2154,596
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases156,050Cerebrovascular diseases142,142
6Pneumonia and influenza254,619Alzheimer’s disease116,103
7Diabetes mellitus34,851Diabetes mellitus380,058
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis30,583Influenza and pneumonia251,537
9Atherosclerosis29,449Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis350,046
10Suicide26,869Suicide44,965
Male
RankAll causes1,075,078All causes1,400,232
1Diseases of heart405,661Diseases of heart339,265
2Malignant neoplasms225,948Malignant neoplasms314,571
3Unintentional injuries74,180Unintentional injuries103,864
4Cerebrovascular diseases69,973Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,273,045
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases138,625Cerebrovascular diseases59,355
6Pneumonia and influenza227,574Diabetes mellitus343,763
7Suicide20,505Alzheimer’s disease35,372
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis19,768Suicide34,727
9Homicide18,779Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis25,818
10Diabetes mellitus14,325Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis325,399
Female
RankAll causes914,763All causes1,344,016
1Diseases of heart355,424Diseases of heart295,995
2Malignant neoplasms190,561Malignant neoplasms283,467
3Cerebrovascular diseases100,252Cerebrovascular diseases82,787
4Unintentional injuries31,538Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,281,551
5Pneumonia and influenza227,045Alzheimer’s disease80,731
6Diabetes mellitus20,526Unintentional injuries57,510
7Atherosclerosis17,848Diabetes mellitus336,295
8Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases117,425Influenza and pneumonia226,526
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis10,815Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis324,647
10Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period9,815Septicemia20,935
White
RankAll causes1,738,607All causes2,323,094
1Diseases of heart683,347Diseases of heart539,220
2Malignant neoplasms368,162Malignant neoplasms505,971
3Cerebrovascular diseases148,734Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2140,769
4Unintentional injuries90,122Unintentional injuries137,289
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases152,375Cerebrovascular diseases117,806
6Pneumonia and influenza248,369Alzheimer’s disease104,638
7Diabetes mellitus28,868Diabetes mellitus361,934
8Atherosclerosis27,069Influenza and pneumonia243,429
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis25,240Suicide40,164
10Suicide24,829Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis339,005
Black or African American
RankAll causes233,135All causes331,788
1Diseases of heart72,956Diseases of heart77,729
2Malignant neoplasms45,037Malignant neoplasms70,628
3Cerebrovascular diseases20,135Unintentional injuries18,588
4Unintentional injuries13,480Cerebrovascular diseases18,382
5Homicide10,172Diabetes mellitus314,254
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period6,961Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,210,989
7Pneumonia and influenza25,648Homicide9,995
8Diabetes mellitus5,544Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis39,305
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis4,790Alzheimer’s disease8,669
10Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis3,416Septicemia6,744
American Indian or Alaska Native
RankAll causes6,923All causes19,708
1Diseases of heart1,494Diseases of heart3,508
2Unintentional injuries1,290Malignant neoplasms3,409
3Malignant neoplasms770Unintentional injuries2,265
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis410Diabetes mellitus31,125
5Cerebrovascular diseases322Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis1,081
6Pneumonia and influenza2257Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2888
7Homicide217Cerebrovascular diseases664
8Diabetes mellitus210Suicide629
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period199Alzheimer’s disease397
10Suicide181Influenza and pneumonia2377
Asian or Pacific Islander
RankAll causes11,071All causes69,658
1Diseases of heart3,265Malignant neoplasms18,030
2Malignant neoplasms2,522Diseases of heart14,803
3Cerebrovascular diseases1,028Cerebrovascular diseases5,290
4Unintentional injuries810Unintentional injuries3,232
5Pneumonia and influenza2342Diabetes mellitus32,745
6Suicide249Alzheimer’s disease2,399
7Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period246Influenza and pneumonia22161
8Diabetes mellitus227Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,21,950
9Homicide211Suicide1,402
10Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases1207Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis31,378
Hispanic or Latino
Rank- - -- - -All causes188,254
1- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms39,263
2- - -- - -Diseases of heart37,799
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries15,711
4- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases10,283
5- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus38,546
6- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease6,833
7- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis6,141
8- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,25,287
9- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis33,775
10- - -- - -Suicide3,668
White, not Hispanic or Latino
Rank- - -- - -All causes2,133,463
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart500,631
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms466,467
3- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2135,268
4- - -- - -Unintentional injuries121,641
5- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases107,491
6- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease97,779
7- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus353,399
8- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia239,748
9- - -- - -Suicide36,531
10- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis335,248
Black, not Hispanic or Latino
Rank- - -- - -All causes326,810
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart76,608
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms69,725
3- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases18,189
4- - -- - -Unintentional injuries18,089
5- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus314,053
6- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,210,838
7- - -- - -Homicide9,860
8- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis39,200
9- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease8,577
10- - -- - -Septicemia6,684
White male
RankAll causes933,878All causes1,181,931
1Diseases of heart364,679Diseases of heart288,505
2Malignant neoplasms198,188Malignant neoplasms267,895
3Unintentional injuries62,963Unintentional injuries87,515
4Cerebrovascular diseases60,095Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,265,840
5Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases135,977Cerebrovascular diseases48,523
6Pneumonia and influenza223,810Diabetes mellitus334,628
7Suicide18,901Alzheimer’s disease32,046
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis16,407Suicide31,032
9Diabetes mellitus12,125Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis22,770
10Atherosclerosis10,543Influenza and pneumonia220,930
Black or African American male
RankAll causes130,138All causes171,674
1Diseases of heart37,877Diseases of heart40,708
2Malignant neoplasms25,861Malignant neoplasms35,709
3Unintentional injuries9,701Unintentional injuries12,817
4Cerebrovascular diseases9,194Homicide8,650
5Homicide8,274Cerebrovascular diseases8,225
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period3,869Diabetes mellitus37,087
7Pneumonia and influenza23,386Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,25,599
8Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis3,020Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis34,405
9Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases12,429Septicemia3,110
10Diabetes mellitus2,010Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease2,851
American Indian or Alaska Native male
RankAll causes4,193All causes10,945
1Unintentional injuries946Diseases of heart2,054
2Diseases of heart917Malignant neoplasms1,825
3Malignant neoplasms408Unintentional injuries1,516
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis239Diabetes mellitus3605
5Cerebrovascular diseases163Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis594
6Homicide162Suicide482
7Pneumonia and influenza2148Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2451
8Suicide147Cerebrovascular diseases302
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period107Homicide233
10Diabetes mellitus86Influenza and pneumonia2186
Asian or Pacific Islander male
RankAll causes6,809All causes35,682
1Diseases of heart2,174Malignant neoplasms9,142
2Malignant neoplasms1,485Diseases of heart7,998
3Unintentional injuries556Cerebrovascular diseases2,305
4Cerebrovascular diseases521Unintentional injuries2,016
5Pneumonia and influenza2227Diabetes mellitus31,443
6Suicide159Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,21,155
7Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases1158Influenza and pneumonia21,134
8Homicide151Suicide1,007
9Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period128Alzheimer’s disease718
10Diabetes mellitus103Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis3681
Hispanic or Latino male
Rank- - -- - -All causes103,532
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart20,945
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms20,504
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries11,510
4- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases4,798
5- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus34,603
6- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis4,225
7- - -- - -Suicide2,944
8- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,22,759
9- - -- - -Homicide2,657
10- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease2,151
White, not Hispanic or Latino male
Rank- - -- - -All causes1,077,362
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart266,995
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms247,202
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries76,033
4- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,262,945
5- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases43,713
6- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus330,010
7- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease29,886
8- - -- - -Suicide28,110
9- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia219,033
10- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis18,522
Black, not Hispanic or Latino male
Rank- - -- - -All causes168,750
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart40,044
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms35,215
3- - -- - -Unintentional injuries12,453
4- - -- - -Homicide8,532
5- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases8,115
6- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus36,976
7- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,25,519
8- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis34,348
9- - -- - -Septicemia3,074
10- - -- - -Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease2,805
White female
RankAll causes804,729All causes1,141,163
1Diseases of heart318,668Diseases of heart250,715
2Malignant neoplasms169,974Malignant neoplasms238,076
3Cerebrovascular diseases88,639Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,274,929
4Unintentional injuries27,159Alzheimer’s disease72,592
5Pneumonia and influenza224,559Cerebrovascular diseases69,283
6Diabetes mellitus16,743Unintentional injuries49,774
7Atherosclerosis16,526Diabetes mellitus327,306
8Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases116,398Influenza and pneumonia222,499
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis8,833Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis318,868
10Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period6,512Septicemia16,726
Black or African American female
RankAll causes102,997All causes160,114
1Diseases of heart35,079Diseases of heart37,021
2Malignant neoplasms19,176Malignant neoplasms34,919
3Cerebrovascular diseases10,941Cerebrovascular diseases10,157
4Unintentional injuries3,779Diabetes mellitus37,167
5Diabetes mellitus3,534Alzheimer’s disease6,186
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period3092Unintentional injuries5771
7Pneumonia and influenza22,262Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,25,390
8Homicide1,898Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis34,900
9Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis1,770Septicemia3,634
10Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis1,722Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease3,154
American Indian or Alaska Native female
RankAll causes2,730All causes8,763
1Diseases of heart577Malignant neoplasms1,584
2Malignant neoplasms362Diseases of heart1,454
3Unintentional injuries344Unintentional injuries749
4Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis171Diabetes mellitus3520
5Cerebrovascular diseases159Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis487
6Diabetes mellitus124Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2437
7Pneumonia and influenza2109Cerebrovascular diseases362
8Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period92Alzheimer’s disease272
9Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis56Influenza and pneumonia2191
10Homicide55Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis3182
Asian or Pacific Islander female
RankAll causes4,262All causes33,976
1Diseases of heart1,091Malignant neoplasms8,888
2Malignant neoplasms1,037Diseases of heart6,805
3Cerebrovascular diseases507Cerebrovascular diseases2,985
4Unintentional injuries254Alzheimer’s disease1,681
5Diabetes mellitus124Diabetes mellitus31,302
6Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period118Unintentional injuries1216
7Pneumonia and influenza2115Influenza and pneumonia21,027
8Congenital anomalies104Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,2795
9Suicide90Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease744
10Homicide60Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis3697
Hispanic or Latina female
Rank- - -- - -All causes84,722
1- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms18,759
2- - -- - -Diseases of heart16,854
3- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases5,485
4- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease4,682
5- - -- - -Unintentional injuries4,201
6- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus33,943
7- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,22,528
8- - -- - -Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis1,916
9- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis31,844
10- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia21,764
White, not Hispanic or Latina female
Rank- - -- - -All causes1,056,101
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart233,636
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms219,265
3- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,272,323
4- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease67,893
5- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases63,778
6- - -- - -Unintentional injuries45,608
7- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus323,389
8- - -- - -Influenza and pneumonia220,715
9- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis317,032
10- - -- - -Septicemia15,389
Black, not Hispanic or Latina female
Rank- - -- - -All causes158,060
1- - -- - -Diseases of heart36,564
2- - -- - -Malignant neoplasms34,510
3- - -- - -Cerebrovascular diseases10,074
4- - -- - -Diabetes mellitus37,077
5- - -- - -Alzheimer’s disease6,126
6- - -- - -Unintentional injuries5,636
7- - -- - -Chronic lower respiratory diseases1,25,319
8- - -- - -Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis34,852
9- - -- - -Septicemia3,610
10- - -- - -Essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease3,119
- - -

Data not available. Complete coverage of all states for the Hispanic origin variable began in 1997.

1

Between 1998 and 1999, the cause of death title for Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) in the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD-9) was renamed Chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD) in ICD-10.

2

Starting with 1999 data, the rules for selecting CLRD and Pneumonia as the underlying cause of death changed, resulting in an increase in the number of deaths for CLRD and a decrease in the number of deaths for Pneumonia. Therefore, trend data for these two causes of death should be interpreted with caution. For more information, see in Appendix II, Table V.

3

Starting with 2011 data, the rules for selecting Renal failure as the underlying cause of death were changed, affecting the number of deaths in the Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis decrease in the number of deaths for Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis and an increase in the number of deaths for Diabetes mellitus. Therefore, trend data for these two causes of death should be interpreted with caution. For more information, see Technical Notes in “Deaths: Final Data for 2011,” available from: https://www​.cdc.gov/nchs​/data/nvsr/nvsr63/nvsr63_03.pdf.

NOTES: For cause-of-death codes based on the ICD-9 in 1980 and ICD-10 in 2015, see Appendix II, Cause of death; Cause-of-death ranking; Table III; Table IV. Starting with 2003 data (shown in spreadsheet version), some states began to collect information on more than one race on the death certificate, according to 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards, for comparability with other states. The race groups white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaska Native include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. See Appendix II, Race; Hispanic origin.

SOURCE: NCHS, National Vital Statistics System. Vital statistics of the United States, 1980. Volume II -Mortality, part A. 1985; public-use 2016 Mortality File; Xu JQ, Murphy SL, Kochanek KD, Bastian B, Arias E. Deaths: Final data for 2016. National Vital Statistics Reports; vol 67. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2018. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/nvsr.htm. See Appendix I, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS).

Views

  • Cite this Page
  • PDF version of this title (10M)

Other titles in this collection

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...