Figure 8.1. Different actions of vasoconstrictors and vasodilators on umbilical cord and placental vessels.

Figure 8.1

Different actions of vasoconstrictors and vasodilators on umbilical cord and placental vessels. This figure is modified based on reference 102. Ang II: angiotensin II; ET-1: endothelin-1; TXA2: thromboxane A2; BK: bradykinin; 5-HT: 5-hydroxytryptamine; AVP: arginine vasopressin; PGI2: prostacyclin; NO: nitric oxide; AM: adrenomedullin; LTs: leukotriene(s); ROS: reactive oxygen species; ANP: atrial natriuretic peptide.

From: Chapter 8, Vasoactivators and Placental Vasoactivity

Cover of Vascular Biology of the Placenta
Vascular Biology of the Placenta.
Wang Y, Zhao S.
San Rafael (CA): Morgan & Claypool Life Sciences; 2010.
Copyright © 2010 by Morgan & Claypool Life Sciences.

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