Appendix BAcronyms

Publication Details

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

AFRIMS

Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Science

ALS

almond leaf scorch

APHIS

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

AREA

Academic Research Enhancement Award

ARMA

Malaria Atlas Project

ARS

Agricultural Research Service

ATA

Air Transport Association

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

BI

Breteau index

BSE

bovine spongiform encephalopathy

BTV

bluetongue virus

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEAH

Center for Epidemiology and Animal Health

CEI

Center for Emerging Issues

CGDM2

Coupled Global Climate Model version 2

CI

container index

CJD

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

CVC

citrus variegated chlorosis

DALY

disability-adjusted life-years

DDSS

Dengue Decision Support System

DENV

dengue virus

DF

dengue fever

DHF

dengue hemorrhagic fever

DHS

Department of Homeland Security

DMID

Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

DoD

Department of Defense

DoJ

Department of Justice

DSS

dengue shock syndrome; decision support system

DTP

dengue transmission potential

DV

dengue virus

EIP

extrinsic incubation period

EIR

entomological inoculation rate

EIS

Epidemic Intelligence Service

ELISA

enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

EMPRES

Emergency Prevention System for the Transboundary Animal Diseases

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FTP

Fellowship Training Program

GAO

Government Accountability Office

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GCM

global climate model

GHG

greenhouse gas

GIS

geographic information system

HadCM3

Hadley Centre Coupled Model version 3

HCV

hepatitis C virus

HFRS

hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

HHS

Department of Health and Human Services

HI

house index

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HPAI

highly pathogenic avian influenza

HPS

hantavirus pulmonary syndrome

IATA

International Air Transport Association

ICIDR

International Collaborations in Infectious Disease Research

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPM

Integrated Pest Management

IRID

International Research in Infectious Diseases

IRS

indoor residual spray

IS

International Services

ITM

insecticide-treated materials

ITN

insecticide-treated bednets

IVCC

Innovative Vector Control Consortium

JEV

Japanese encephalitis virus

kdr

knockdown resistance

LD

lethal dose

LL-ITM

long-lasting insecticide-treated materials

LSDI

Lubombo Spatial Development Initiative

MARA

Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa project

MAUP

modifiable areal unit problem

MP-NAT

mini-pool nucleic acid amplification test

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NAHLN

National Veterinary Services Laboratory Network

NAHMS

National Animal Health Monitoring and Surveillance

NAHSS

National Animal Health Surveillance System

NAMRU

Naval Medical Research Unit

NDVI

normalized difference vegetation index

NE

nephropathia epidemica

NIAID

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NMCP

National Malaria Control Programme

NRSA

National Research Service Award

NS

nonstructural proteins

NSU

National Surveillance Unit

OIE

Office International des Epizooties

OIHP

Office International d’Hygiène Publique

OLR

outgoing longwave radiation

OLS

oleander leaf scorch

PA

program announcement

PAHO

Pan American Health Organization

PCMS

Pinon Canyon Maneuver Site

PCR

polymerase chain reaction

PD

Pierce’s disease of grapevines

PDI

power dissipation index

PEPFAR

President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

PHP

public health pesticide

PRNT

plaque reduction neutralization test

PTSD

post-traumatic stress disorder

RCE

Regional Centers of Excellence

RDT

rapid diagnostic test

RFA

requests for applications

RNA

ribonucleic acid

RNAi

RNA interference

RREDS

Ross River virus Early Detection and Surveillance

RVF

Rift Valley fever

RVFV

Rift Valley fever virus

SEIR

susceptible-exposed-infected-resistant

SLE

St. Louis encephalitis

SLEV

Saint Louis encephalitis virus

SNV

Sin Nombre virus

SOI

Southern Oscillation Index

SST

sea surface temperature

TDR

Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases

TMRC

Tropical Medicine Research Center

ULV

ultra low volume

UN

United Nations

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

VBD

vector-borne disease

VEEV

Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus

VP

viral structural protein

VS

Veterinary Services

WHO

World Health Organization

WHOPES

World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme

WNV

West Nile virus

YF

yellow fever

YFV

yellow fever virus