Table 12.1Common causes of haematuria

Urological (surgical disease in the urinary tract)Nephrological (medical disease of the kidneys)
Stones in the kidney, ureter or bladderIgA nephropathy
Urinary tract infections (cystitis, urethritis, prostatitis)Thin membrane nephropathy
Cancer or the kidney, ureter, bladder or prostateAlport’s syndrome
Benign tumours (eg haemangiomas, angiomyolipomas, bladder papillomas)Glomerulonephritis (other than IgA nephropathy). Usually combined with proteinuria
TraumaInherited cystic diseases of the kidney, e.g. polycystic kidney disease, medullary sponge kidney

From: 12, Managing isolated invisible haematuria

Cover of Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic Kidney Disease: National Clinical Guideline for Early Identification and Management in Adults in Primary and Secondary Care.
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 73.
National Collaborating Centre for Chronic Conditions (UK).
Copyright © 2008, Royal College of Physicians of London.

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