FIGURE 3-8. The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) risk assessment approach guidelines for drinking water, recreational use, and water reuse.

FIGURE 3-8The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) risk assessment approach guidelines for drinking water, recreational use, and water reuse

WHO uses a health target based on some tolerable level of risk, resulting in a risk management system that is primarily based on the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point approach used in the food industry.

SOURCE: Fewtrell, L., and J. Bartram. 2001. Water Quality: Guidelines, Standards & Health Assessment of Risk and Risk Management for Water-Related Infectious Disease. World Health Organization. IWA Publishing. Reprinted with permission.

From: 3, The Technology Pillar of Sustainable Water: Technology, Economics, and Health

Cover of Global Environmental Health
Global Environmental Health: Research Gaps and Barriers for Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.

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