Box 1-1Millennium Development Goals: Asian Bank Water Supply and Sanitation Targets

MDG 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Providing more water for agriculture and irrigation will increase food production and will help alleviate the world’s hunger.
  • Improving water infrastructures and services will not only increase water provision but will also provide jobs to local communities and build capacities.
  • Easy access to water will halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger and whose income is less than $1 a day.

MDG 2: Achieve universal primary education

MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Access to water supply will reduce the multiple burdens on women and girls, as they are the primary collectors, providers, users, and managers of water in the household.
  • Easy access to water will give girls and boys more time to attend school.
  • Better sanitation services will improve women’s health.
  • With their hands free from collecting water, women will have more time to participate in community decision making and have greater opportunities for livelihood improvement.

MDG 4: Reduce child mortality

MDG 5: Improve maternal health

MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

  • Better water quality and sanitation services will reduce children’s and expectant mothers’ susceptibility to diseases and generally improve health.
  • The provision of safe water for drinking and medical purposes will prevent pregnancy and birth complications, and increase people’s ability to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases.
  • Better water management will reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases.

MDG 7: Ensure environmental sustainability

Better management of water resources will

  • Lessen pollution and improve water conservation
  • Ensure access to adequate and safe water and improved sanitation services for poor and poorly-serviced communities in rural and urban areas
  • Improve the lives of people in slum areas
  • Build capacity among communities organized around water supply provision

MDG 8: Develop a global partnership for development

  • Where water problems serve as a constraint to development (e.g., water scarcity, salinity, disasters, etc.), improved water resources management and water supply and sanitation services can facilitate partnerships for global development.

SOURCE: Asian Development Bank. Water, Sanitation, and the Millennium Development Goals. Available at: Reprinted with permission.

From: 1, Workshop Introduction

Cover of Global Environmental Health
Global Environmental Health: Research Gaps and Barriers for Providing Sustainable Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Services: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.

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