NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006-.

Cover of Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed)

Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet].

Show details

Omalizumab

Last Revision: November 16, 2020.

Estimated reading time: 1 minute

CASRN: 242138-07-4

Drug Levels and Effects

Summary of Use during Lactation

Preliminary evidence indicates that the amount in milk is very low. Because omalizumab is a large protein molecule, absorption is unlikely because it is probably destroyed in the infant's gastrointestinal tract. Many infants have been breastfed during maternal omalizumab therapy, with no increase in infectious complications. Omalizumab is considered acceptable to use during breastfeeding.[1,2]

Drug Levels

Maternal Levels. A woman received omalizumab 5 weekly doses of omalizumab 150 mg subcutaneously during pregnancy until 28 weeks of gestation. Breastmilk omalizumab levels were determined on days 4 and 5 postpartum, which were 85 and 86 days after the last dose of omalizumab. Four concentrations in milk were below 2 mcg/L and one was just over 8 mcg/L.[3]

Infant Levels. Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Effects in Breastfed Infants

A manufacturer-based omalizumab pregnancy registry has followed pregnant and nursing mothers for several years. Of 230 infants followed, 154 were breastfed while their mothers were taking omalizumab. Another 32 were breastfed without being exposed to the drug in milk and 44 were not breastfed. No difference in serious adverse events were seen among the three groups of infants. Infections occurred at a similar rate in all groups.[4]

Case reports of infants being breastfed during maternal omalizumab therapy have been published. No adverse effects have been found.[5-7]

Effects on Lactation and Breastmilk

Relevant published information was not found as of the revision date.

Alternate Drugs to Consider

(Asthma) Benralizumab, Mepolizumab

References

1.
Türk M, Carneiro-Leao L, Kolkhir P, et al. How to treat patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria with omalizumab: Questions and answers. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8:113–24. [PubMed: 31374358]
2.
Middleton PG, Gade EJ, Aguilera C, et al. ERS/TSANZ Task Force Statement on the management of reproduction and pregnancy in women with airways diseases. Eur Respir J. 2020;55:1901208. [PubMed: 31699837]
3.
Saito J, Yakuwa N, Sandaiji N, et al. Omalizumab concentrations in pregnancy and lactation: A case study. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8:3603–4. [PubMed: 32544544]
4.
López Leon, S, Kaufman DG, Howard M, et al. Safety outcomes among infants exposed to omalizumab via breastfeeding: Results from the Xolair Pregnancy Registry (Expect). Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2019;28 (Suppl 2):374-5. Abstract. doi:10.1002/pds.4864. [CrossRef]
5.
Ensina LF, Cusato-Ensina AP, Camelo-Nunes IC, et al. Omalizumab as third-line therapy for urticaria during pregnancy. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2017;27:326–7. [PubMed: 29057743]
6.
González-Medina M, Curto-Barredo L, Labrador-Horrillo M, et al. Omalizumab use during pregnancy for chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU): Report of two cases. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2017;31:e245–e6. [PubMed: 27868240]
7.
Losappio LM, Mirone C, Schroeder JW, et al. Omalizumab use in chronic spontaneous urticaria during pregnancy and a four years' follow-up: A case report. Case Rep Dermatol. 2020;12:174–7. [PMC free article: PMC7588681] [PubMed: 33173477]

Substance Identification

Substance Name

Omalizumab

CAS Registry Number

242138-07-4

Drug Class

Breast Feeding

Lactation

Anti-Allergic Agents

Anti-Asthmatic Agents

Antibodies, Monoclonal

Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic

Disclaimer: Information presented in this database is not meant as a substitute for professional judgment. You should consult your healthcare provider for breastfeeding advice related to your particular situation. The U.S. government does not warrant or assume any liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information on this Site.

Views

Related information

  • PMC
    PubMed Central citations
  • PubMed
    Links to PubMed

Similar articles in PubMed

  • Review Abciximab[Drugs and Lactation Database (...]
    Review Abciximab
    . Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). 2006
  • Review Pertuzumab[Drugs and Lactation Database (...]
    Review Pertuzumab
    . Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). 2006
  • Review Basiliximab[Drugs and Lactation Database (...]
    Review Basiliximab
    . Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). 2006
  • Review Cetuximab[Drugs and Lactation Database (...]
    Review Cetuximab
    . Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). 2006
  • Review Trastuzumab[Drugs and Lactation Database (...]
    Review Trastuzumab
    . Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed). 2006
See reviews...See all...

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...