Confounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
15213038 Cifuentes 2004 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes age
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? Yes Baseline body weight
Medical conditions
Medication
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., seasonal variation of 25(OH)D, UV exposure, location) Season of blood sample collection
Smoking and other life styles variables (e.g., physical activity, occupation, alcohol consumption) No
Other Year of recruitment, estrone, sNTx
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: A-E

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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