Confounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
1544755 van der Vijver 1992 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes Age
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? Yes BMI
Medical conditions
Medication
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., seasonal variation of 25(OH)D, UV exposure, location)
Smoking and other life styles variables (e.g., physical activity, occupation, alcohol consumption) Yes smoking, EtOH
Other Yes SBP, cholesterol
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: R-Z

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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