Confounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
17301263 Tuohimaa 2007 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake no
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? Yes
Medical conditions Yes, BMI >28; SBP >150; HDL-C ≤1.05
Medication Yes
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., physical activity level, occupation, sun exposure, location) nd
Smoking and other life styles variables no *
Other specimens were accidentally thawed or not 54/132 (41%) accidentally thawed
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: R-Z

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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