Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
10362125 Schuurman 1999 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake Yes Intake of Ca adjusted for energy. Total energy intake-adjusted. Mean intake of fresh meat, fish, cured meat, milk and milk products, cheese, eggs, calcium and protein did not differ among cases and subcohort members.
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes Age-adjusted
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? No
Medical conditions No
Medication No
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., seasonal variation of 25(OH)D, UV exposure, location) No
Smoking and other life styles variables (e.g., physical activity, occupation, alcohol consumption) No
Other Yes Adjusted for family hx of prostate cancer and SES

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: R-Z

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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