Adjusted for age, smoking, BMI, education, exercise METs, family CRC history, total energy, %saturated fat intake, fruit intake, vegetable intake, long-term multivitamin use, and gender

UI Author Year Outcome Exposure Categories(e.g., Tertiles)/Intervention Groups Mean Vit D level/dose Mean Ca level/dose No. of Cases (Event) * No. of Non- cases/Total N ** Mean Follow-up, mo Crude or Adjusted analysis? Outcome Metric (e.g. OR, RR, HR, %) Outcome effect size CI ** P between groups *** P for trend ****
12708719 McCullough 2003 CRC 1 st quintile of total calcium intake (mg/day) <561 156 nd nd adjusted RR 1.00 nd 0.02
2 nd quintile of total calcium intake (mg/day) 561–731 165 nd nd adjusted RR 1.05 0.84–1.31 nd
3 rd quintile of total calcium intake (mg/day) 732–925 137 nd nd adjusted RR 0.88 0.70–1.12 nd
4 th quintile of total calcium intake (mg/day) 926–1255 108 nd nd adjusted RR 0.72 0.56–0.93 nd
5 th quintile of total calcium intake (mg/day) >1255 117 nd nd adjusted RR 0.87 0.67–1.12 nd

Duplicate one row per exposure category or intervention group.


Number of subjects with outcome


Please choose one and delete the others


Specify the comparison. For example group 1 vs. 3 = −6; group 1 vs. 2 = −8


P value for testing the linear trend of the OR/RR across different categories or doses

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: L-Q

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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