Conpfounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
12708719 McCullough 2003 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake Yes (total energy, %saturated fat intake, fruit intake, vegetable intake, long-term multivitamin use)
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes (age; gender; education)
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? Yes (BMI)
Medical conditions Yes (family CRC history)
Medication Yes (for women only: HRT use )
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., seasonal variation of 25(OH)D, UV exposure, location) No
Smoking and other life styles variables (e.g., physical activity, occupation, alcohol consumption) Yes (smoking; exercise METs)
Other
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: L-Q

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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