UI Author Year Primary/Secondary Outcome ** Outcome Definition
12708719 McCullough 2003 primary Colorectal cancer Confirmed incident cases of fatal or non-fatal colon cancer or rectal cancer that occurred between enrollment (1992–93) and August 31, 1997. Most cases were initially identified by self-report on the follow up questionnaires and verified by medical records, or from linkage with state cancer registries. Also, a few cases were initially identified through linkage with state cancer registries to confirm other reported cancers. CRC deaths were identified if recorded as the underlying or the contributory cause of death on a death certificate through August 31, 1997 among cohort members. Ascertainment of all deaths is accomplished through linkage with the National Death Index.
Proximal colon cancer Cancer at cecum to splenic flexure
Distal colon cancer Cancer at descending to sigmoid colon
Rectal cancer Cancer at rectum and rectosigmoid junction
UI Author Year Comments
12708719 McCullough 2003 Data on total energy intake are not given

Duplicate one row per outcome of interest. Only need to list outcomes that were included in the result section.


Must have been explicitly stated in the original paper. Otherwise, please enter “nd

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: L-Q

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.