Table 36Toxic environmental factors and risk of developing AD – characteristics of studies reviewed by Santibanez et al., 200752

Risk FactorStudies*Subjects*Countries
Solvents10 case-control
1 cohort
3748
694
N. America (6), Western Europe (2), Asia (2)
Canada
Electromagnetic fields6 case-control
1 cohort
6205
20,068
U.S.A. (4), Western Europe (2)
U.S.A.
Pesticides4 case-control
2 cohort
1471
2201
Canada (2), U.S.A. (1), Australia (1)
Canada (1), France (1)
Lead6 case-control2182U.S.A. (4), U.K. (1), Australia (1)
Aluminum3 case-control1056U.S.A. (1), U.K. (1), Australia (1)
*

Some studies examined multiple factors, and number of studies and subject counts are included for each exposure. Therefore, the study count in this table exceeds the 22 studies identified.

From: 3, Results

Cover of Preventing Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Decline
Preventing Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Decline.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 193.
Williams JW, Plassman BL, Burke J, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.