TABLE 7.2Global Prevalence, Awareness, and Control Rates for Hypertension

CountryYearAgePopulation (1000s)% Prevalence% Aware% Treated% Controlled
USA1999–2004≥1818770928.9071.8061.4035.10
China200035–7447605727.2044.7028.208.10
Czech Republic2000–200125–64568436.5967.5251.4020.31
Mexico200025–644169533.3025.2012.903.70
Chile2003>171153933.7059.8036.3011.80
Iran200525–642834525.2033.9024.806.00
Egypt1991–1993≥253623626.3037.5023.908.00
South Africa1998>152859221.0041.0330.0014.80
Pakistan1990–199445–641363430.8217.619.403.04
India200420–6959390628.0051.5050.007.00

NOTES: Hypertension is high blood pressure defined as systolic blood pressure/diastolic blood pressure over 140/90 mmHg and/or use of antihypertensive medication.

Awareness rate is the percentage of hypertensive individuals who were aware of their elevated blood pressure or had been told by a physician.

Control rate is the percentage of hypertensive individuals who successfully controlled their high blood pressure to below 140/90 mmHg.

Treatment rate is the percentage of hypertensive individuals were currently taking medications for their elevated blood pressure.

From: 7, Making Choices to Reduce the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease

Cover of Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World
Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World: A Critical Challenge to Achieve Global Health.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries; Fuster V, Kelly BB, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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