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Cover of Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology

Allocating Federal Funds for Science and Technology


Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); .
ISBN-10: 0-309-05347-1

Part I of this report focuses on the committee's 13 recommendations for improving the process of allocating federal funds for science and technology. The conclusions, recommendations, and discussion are organized and presented to serve the following five purposes: 1. Make the allocation process more coherent, systematic, and comprehensive; 2. Determine total federal spending for federal science and technology, based on a clear commitment to ensuring U.S. leadership; 3. Allocate funds to the best projects and people; 4. Ensure that sound scientific and technical advice guides allocation decisions; and 5. Improve federal management of research and development activities.

Part II contains four supplements that provide critical background for and explain the rationale behind the committee’s recommendations. Supplement 1 briefly surveys science policy and the impact of federal support since World War II; Supplement 2 describes the derivation of the FS&T budget number; Supplement 3 outlines the existing process for allocating funds; and Supplement 4 treats the distinction between basic and applied research and the interplay between federal and industrial funding. Four appendixes give details that bear on committee process and background. A fifth lists the acronyms used in this report.


Support for this project was provided by the Department of Defense (under Contract No. N00014-95-C-0314), the National Institutes of Health (under Contract No. N01-OD-4-2139, Task Order #4), the National Science Foundation (under Grant No. OPS-9528889), and the Basic Science Fund of the National Academy of Sciences.

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

Copyright © 1995, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK45555PMID: 20845553DOI: 10.17226/5040


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