Table 12-1Recommendations from the Task Force on Community Preventive Services, 2001–Use of Selected Interventions to Increase Physical Activity (PA) Behaviors and Improve Physical Fitness

InterventionNumber of Qualifying StudiesTask Force Recommendation
Informational approaches to increasing physical activity
Community-wide campaigns (multi-component intervention)10Recommended (strong evidence on effectiveness)
Mass media campaigns3Insufficient evidence
Point-of-decision prompts to encourage stair use6Recommended (sufficient evidence on effectiveness)
Classroom-based health education focused on information provision10Insufficient evidence
Behavioral and social approaches to increasing physical activity
Individually adapted health behavior change programs18Recommended (strong evidence on effectiveness)
School-based physical education (PE)13Recommended (strong evidence on effectiveness)
Classroom-based health education focusing on encouragement to turn off the television3Insufficient evidence
College-age physical education/health education2Insufficient evidence
Social support interventions in community contexts9Recommended (strong evidence on effectiveness)
Social support interventions in families11Insufficient evidence
Environmental and policy approaches to increasing physical activity (additional reviews in progress)
Creation of or enhanced access to places for physical activity10Recommended (strong evidence on effectiveness)
Point-of-decision prompts to encourage stair useSee above under Informational approaches

Source: CDC 2001.

From: 12, Population-based Approaches to Promote Bone Health

Cover of Bone Health and Osteoporosis
Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office of the Surgeon General (US).
Rockville (MD): Office of the Surgeon General (US); 2004.

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