TABLE 3.1Criteria for IBM Research's Three Classes of Accomplishments

Science and TechnologyIBM Impact
Significant development in a fieldRecognized significant impact on IBM product or pre-product program
• Advances the state of the art• Significant impact on business
• Externally recognized impact• Technology transfer
• Invited talks/papers at important conferences• Recognized significant impact on IBM customer
• Results in significant work in field• Leading-edge technology solutions
• Publications in refereed journals• Significant IBM business benefit
• Patent/patent applicationPatent/patent application
Publications (internal or external including press or media)
Outstanding Accomplishment
Fundamental developmentRecognized major impact on IBM business or major product (recognized in IBM and in the industry)
Starts important new field• Depth
Important publication in first-rank journals and conferences• Breadth
Many citationsFundamental new development and/or change in direction
Valuable patent(s)Transfer of key technology or solution
Many invited papers/talks including mostValuable strategic patent
prestigious institutions and conferencesPossible corporate award class
External awards from significant societies/organizations
Extraordinary Accomplishment a
Worldwide recognized revolutionary long-term impact on science or technologyMajor innovation of overriding importance to the success of one or more major offerings
Recognized by major external awards (Nobel, Franklin, Buckley, Turing, FieldOutstanding long-term impact; industry standard
Engenders large efforts worldwide in new areaFundamental patent(s)

Clearly beyond outstanding. Examples: High-temperature superconductors, scanning tunneling microscope, RISC architecture, 1-transistor DRAM cell, relational database, atomic force microscope, and magnetoresistive head technology.

From: 3, Assessing the Value of Research at IBM

Cover of Assessing the Value of Research in the Chemical Sciences
Assessing the Value of Research in the Chemical Sciences: Report of a Workshop.
National Research Council (US) Chemical Sciences Roundtable.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1998.
Copyright © 1998, National Academy of Sciences.

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