Table 77Reduced access to medical care during the past 12 months due to cost, by selected characteristics: United States, 1997, 2006, and 2007

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Did not get medical care due to cost1Delayed medical care due to cost2Did not get prescription drugs due to cost3
Characteristic199720062007199720062007199720062007
Percent
Total44.55.85.87.37.87.84.87.07.2
Age
Under 18 years2.22.42.33.74.03.32.23.02.6
 Under 6 years1.62.11.93.03.52.41.62.72.2
 6–17 years2.52.62.64.14.23.82.43.22.8
18–64 years6.07.87.89.510.210.36.39.39.6
18–44 years6.17.87.99.710.010.46.99.610.0
 18–24 years5.87.47.18.89.49.36.79.99.0
 25–34 years6.28.68.610.211.311.06.99.610.9
 35–44 years6.07.47.99.89.210.57.19.49.8
45–64 years5.87.77.79.010.410.35.18.79.1
 45–54 years6.08.58.39.610.910.85.69.510.0
 55–64 years5.46.56.98.29.79.64.27.67.9
65 years and over2.32.32.53.93.73.82.83.63.8
 65–74 years2.63.03.24.34.64.73.43.84.5
 75 years and over1.81.51.63.42.72.72.03.53.0
Sex
Male3.85.55.26.47.36.93.95.65.9
Female5.26.16.48.18.48.75.68.48.3
Race5
White only4.45.85.87.58.07.94.56.77.1
Black or African American only5.56.76.46.67.77.67.19.88.4
American Indian or Alaska Native only6.7*6.3*9.110.0*7.89.0*7.5*13.6*8.2
Asian only2.62.73.14.03.94.3*2.33.43.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - - * * - - - * * - - - * *
2 or more races- - -6.97.7- - -9.611.5- - -8.110.4
Hispanic origin and race5
Hispanic or Latino5.76.56.46.98.17.55.58.79.0
 Mexican5.56.26.46.67.87.75.59.09.1
Not Hispanic or Latino4.45.75.77.37.87.84.76.76.8
 White only4.25.65.77.68.18.14.36.26.7
 Black or African American only5.66.86.56.67.67.67.110.08.3
Education6
No high school diploma or GED8.510.19.910.911.411.58.913.113.1
High school diploma or GED5.27.17.58.59.49.65.98.410.0
Some college or more4.25.96.17.98.68.84.16.46.7
Percent of poverty level7
Below 100%9.810.610.911.612.212.510.313.713.1
100%–less than 200%7.49.69.611.211.811.77.911.111.3
200% or more2.53.63.85.15.75.72.64.24.7
Age and percent of poverty level7
Under 18 years of age:
 Below 100%4.53.53.65.54.85.04.65.54.6
 100%–less than 200%3.04.23.85.96.65.03.43.93.5
 200% or more1.11.41.42.22.72.20.81.81.6
18–44 years:
 Below 100%12.714.214.314.816.015.813.817.216.3
 100%–less than 200%10.112.612.914.914.715.211.615.416.4
 200% or more3.54.95.27.17.27.84.06.06.6
45–64 years:
 Below 100%18.321.120.821.922.723.217.726.225.1
 100%–less than 200%13.816.917.318.519.420.911.718.519.0
 200% or more2.84.44.85.87.37.22.44.85.7
65 years and over:
 Below 100%7.24.16.08.56.17.97.38.18.9
 100%–less than 200%3.34.24.45.85.86.34.36.06.0
 200% or more0.91.21.22.22.42.21.21.82.2
Did not get medical care due to cost1Delayed medical care due to cost2Did not get prescription drugs due to cost3
Characteristic199720062007199720062007199720062007
Percent of poverty level and health insurance status prior to interview for persons under 65 years of age7,8Percent
Insured continuously all 12 months1.82.52.53.94.14.02.23.73.7
 Below 100%3.63.53.54.84.84.95.26.36.2
 100%–less than 200%3.44.74.36.46.15.74.37.06.6
 200% or more1.21.92.03.33.63.51.32.62.7
Uninsured for any period up to 12 months14.319.420.222.526.424.714.921.821.7
 Below 100%18.624.624.923.528.127.120.228.423.2
 100%–less than 200%15.121.122.024.227.424.215.921.223.1
 200% or more11.416.017.120.925.024.011.219.020.3
Uninsured more than 12 months18.923.023.723.926.127.816.721.624.3
 Below 100%22.227.129.024.128.831.219.028.631.4
 100%–less than 200%18.423.024.123.125.628.316.821.123.1
 200% or more16.419.920.224.724.425.414.516.621.0
Geographic region
Northeast3.54.13.75.75.45.43.45.15.1
Midwest4.05.35.47.38.48.24.46.76.7
South5.37.17.28.18.78.65.78.48.6
West4.75.55.77.27.87.94.86.56.9
Location of residence
Within MSA94.35.55.66.97.67.54.46.87.0
Outside MSA95.37.16.98.69.19.26.07.98.2
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30%.

- - - Data not available.

1

Based on persons responding yes to the question, “During the past 12 months was there any time when person needed medical care but did not get it because person couldn’t afford it?”

2

Based on persons responding yes to the question, “During the past 12 months has medical care been delayed because of worry about the cost?”

3

Based on persons responding yes to the question, “During the past 12 months was there any time when you needed prescription medicine but didn’t get it because you couldn’t afford it?”

4

Includes all other races not shown separately, unknown health insurance status, and unknown education level.

5

The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

6

Estimates are for persons 25 years of age and over. GED stands for General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma. See Appendix II, Education.

7

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 24% of persons in 1997 and 33%–34% in 2006–2007. See Appendix II, Family Income; Poverty.

8

For information on the health insurance categories see Appendix II, Health Insurance Coverage.

9

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2006, see Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

NOTES: Standard errors and additional data years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www‚Äč.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, family core, sample child, and sample adult questionnaires.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2009
Health, United States, 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2010 Jan.

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