Table 7Prenatal care for live births, by detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, selected years 1970–2000 and selected states 2005–2006

[Data are based on birth certificates]

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34 reporting areas (1989 revision)12 reporting areas (2003 revision)
Prenatal care, race, and Hispanic origin of mother197019801990200020051200612005220062
Prenatal care began during 1st trimesterPercent of live births3
All races68.076.375.883.283.883.270.268.3
White72.379.279.285.085.484.772.170.2
Black or African American44.262.460.674.376.276.059.558.0
American Indian or Alaska Native38.255.857.969.370.269.557.856.0
Asian or Pacific Islander4- - -73.775.184.085.284.872.271.1
Hispanic or Latina5- - -60.260.274.477.677.360.057.6
 Mexican- - -59.657.872.977.677.256.153.3
 Puerto Rican- - -55.163.578.579.979.269.468.1
 Cuban- - -82.784.891.785.984.884.080.4
 Central and South American- - -58.861.577.676.876.065.061.3
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -66.466.475.877.078.565.063.5
Not Hispanic or Latina:5
 White- - -81.283.388.588.788.177.276.0
 Black or African American- - -60.860.774.376.376.160.158.2
Prenatal care began during 3rd trimester or no prenatal care
All races7.95.16.13.93.53.67.78.2
White6.34.34.93.33.13.27.07.5
Black or African American16.68.911.36.75.75.711.511.9
American Indian or Alaska Native28.915.212.98.68.28.112.712.4
Asian or Pacific Islander4- - -6.55.83.33.03.16.67.2
Hispanic or Latina5- - -12.012.06.35.05.011.912.2
 Mexican- - -11.813.26.95.05.013.814.3
 Puerto Rican- - -16.210.64.54.14.16.66.7
 Cuban- - -3.92.81.42.63.22.73.1
 Central and South American- - -13.110.95.45.55.89.29.9
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latina- - -9.28.55.95.64.99.69.5
Not Hispanic or Latina:5
 White- - -3.53.42.32.22.34.95.3
 Black or African American- - -9.711.26.75.65.711.311.9

- - - Data not available.

1

Data are for the 34 reporting areas that used the 1989 Revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth for data on prenatal care in 2005 and 2006. Reporting areas that have implemented the 2003 Revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are excluded because prenatal care data based on the 2003 revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 and earlier revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. See Appendix II, Prenatal care.

2

Data are for the 12 reporting areas that used the 2003 Revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth for data on prenatal care in 2005 and 2006. Reporting areas that used the 1989 Revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are excluded because prenatal care data based on the 2003 revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 or earlier revisions.

3

Excludes live births where trimester when prenatal care began is unknown.

4

Starting with 2003 data, estimates are not available for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups during the transition from single-race to multiple-race reporting. See Appendix II, Race; Birth File.

5

Prior to 1993, data from states lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the birth certificate were excluded. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin. Data for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women for years prior to 1989 are not nationally representative and are provided for comparison with Hispanic data.

NOTES: Prior to 2003, all data are based on the 1989 and earlier revisions of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. See Appendix II, Prenatal care. Data for 1970 and 1975 exclude births that occurred in states not reporting prenatal care. Starting in 2003 some states have implemented the 2003 Revision of the U. S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth on a voluntary basis. Data are not shown for 2005 and 2006 for the six states that implemented the 2003 revision mid-year 2005 or during 2006. California implemented a partial revision of the 2003 Revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth in 2006 but continued to use the 1989 revision format for data on prenatal care. See Appendix II, Prenatal care for a listing of states that used the 1989 and 2003 revisions in both 2005 and 2006. The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration changes in reporting areas and immigration. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ, Menacker F, Kirmeyer S, Mathews TJ. Births: Final data for 2006. National vital statistics reports. vol 57 no 7. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2009; Births: Final data for each data year 1997–2005. National vital statistics reports. Hyattsville, MD; Final natality statistics for each data year 1970–1996. Monthly vital statistics report. Hyattsville, MD.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2009
Health, United States, 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2010 Jan.

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