Table 53Severe headache or migraine, low back pain, and neck pain among adults 18 years of age and over, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997, 2006, and 2007

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Severe headache or migraine1Low back pain1Neck pain1
Percent of adults with pain during past 3 months
18 years and over, age-adjusted2,315.815.112.328.227.325.414.714.312.8
18 years and over, crude316.015.112.328.127.625.614.614.613.0
18–44 years18.717.814.826.123.922.213.311.710.7
 18–24 years18.716.512.521.918.617.
 25–44 years18.718.215.627.325.723.714.313.012.0
45–64 years15.814.712.231.331.128.717.018.615.9
 45–54 years17.816.914.031.330.027.917.318.916.8
 55–64 years12.711.89.931.232.729.816.618.114.7
65 years and over7.07.34.629.531.729.515.014.914.2
 65–74 years8.28.55.630.231.229.415.015.814.7
 75 years and over5.45.93.528.632.229.715.013.913.5
Sex and age
 18–44 years11.911.18.524.822.420.811.69.68.3
 45–54 years10.310.68.529.428.926.713.916.014.7
 55–64 years8.87.86.630.729.827.514.615.913.1
 65–74 years5.06.33.429.027.625.013.613.113.0
 75 years and over*2.4*4.8*2.222.531.925.112.612.211.5
 18–44 years25.424.421.127.325.323.514.913.813.1
 45–54 years24.922.919.
 55–64 years16.315.412.931.735.332.018.420.216.2
 65–74 years10.710.37.431.134.333.
 75 years and over7.46.64.332.432.332.616.515.114.8
White only15.915.312.528.728.
Black or African American only16.715.811.126.924.323.013.311.09.6
American Indian or Alaska Native only18.919.6*18.433.334.
Asian only11.79.79.721.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - - * * - - - * * - - - * *
2 or more races- - -21.218.2- - -40.736.3- - -21.217.2
Hispanic origin and race2,4
Hispanic or Latino15.514.111.426.425.024.313.913.612.4
Not Hispanic or Latino15.915.412.728.427.825.614.914.613.1
 White only16.115.713.
 Black or African American only16.815.811.226.924.222.413.310.99.5
25 years and over:
 No high school diploma or GED19.
 High school diploma or GED16.015.112.930.230.428.315.514.613.1
 Some college or more13.814.211.726.927.224.714.615.413.7
Severe headache or migraine1Low back pain1Neck pain1
Percent of poverty level2,7Percent of adults with pain during the past 3 months
Below 100%23.321.217.935.435.332.518.618.416.9
100%–less than 200%18.916.314.830.831.
200% or more13.813.710.826.325.023.513.813.411.9
Hispanic origin and race and percent of poverty level2,4,7
Hispanic or Latino:
 Below 100%18.917.615.829.531.231.316.418.017.3
 100%–less than 200%15.712.511.826.825.522.612.911.711.7
 200% or more13.413.49.824.321.323.013.312.711.2
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Below 100%
  100%–less than 200%20.418.316.733.335.133.418.018.918.2
  200% or more14.114.111.427.126.424.514.414.512.7
 Black or African American only:
  Below 100%22.719.615.034.529.127.617.914.514.0
  100%–less than 200%17.614.813.427.725.626.814.011.811.1
  200% or more13.414.78.823.121.318.710.98.97.5
Geographic region2
Location of residence2
Within MSA815.214.712.027.026.724.814.214.212.5
Outside MSA818.117.114.432.530.628.416.415.114.5

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE greater than 30%.

- - - Data not available.


In three separate questions, respondents were asked, “During the past 3 months, did you have a severe headache or migraine? ...low back pain? ...neck pain?” Respondents were instructed to report pain that had lasted a whole day or more, and not to report fleeting or minor aches or pains. Persons may be represented in more than one column.


Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using five age groups: 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.


Includes all other races not shown separately and unknown education level.


The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.


Estimates are for persons 25 years of age and over and are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using five age groups: 25–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.


GED stands for General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma. See Appendix II, Education.


Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 26%–30% of persons 18 years of age and over in 1997–1998 and 32%–35% in 1999–2007. See Appendix II, Family Income; Poverty.


MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2006, see Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

NOTES: Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www‚Äč Some data have been revised and differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, sample adult questionnaire.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2009
Health, United States, 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2010 Jan.

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