Table 16Breastfeeding among mothers 15–44 years of age, by year of baby’s birth and selected characteristics of mother: United States, average annual 1986–1988 through 1999–2001

[Data are based on household interviews of samples of women of childbearing age]

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Selected characteristics of mother1986–19881989–19911992–19941995–19981999–2001
Percent of babies breastfed
Age at baby’s birth
Under 20 years28.434.741.049.547.3
20–24 years48.244.350.055.959.3
25–29 years58.256.457.468.163.5
30–44 years68.666.070.272.880.0
Race and Hispanic origin1
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 Black or African American22.322.426.147.945.3
Hispanic or Latina55.657.063.871.276.0
No high school diploma or GED31.836.544.650.646.6
High school diploma or GED47.445.551.155.961.6
Some college, no bachelor’s degree62.261.464.370.175.6
Bachelor’s degree or higher78.480.682.582.081.3
Geographic region3
Percent of babies who were breastfed 3 months or more
Age at baby’s birth
Under 20 years18.5*10.5*11.730.030.0
20–24 years26.
25–29 years36.932.335.646.343.7
30–44 years50.146.846.757.562.4
Race and Hispanic origin1
Not Hispanic or Latina:
 Black or African American11.611.513.329.633.7
Hispanic or Latina38.233.935.049.754.3
No high school diploma or GED21.817.625.233.937.0
High school diploma or GED28.228.027.436.943.1
Some college, no bachelor’s degree.38.733.138.749.652.8
Bachelor’s degree or higher55.056.159.364.564.1
Geographic region3

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error of 20%–30%.


Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. All race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are for persons who reported only one racial group. See Appendix II, Race.


Educational attainment is presented only for women 22–44 years of age. Education is as of year of interview. GED stands for General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma. See Appendix II, Education.


See Appendix II, Geographic region and division.

NOTES: Data are based on single births to mothers 15–44 years of age at interview, including those births that occurred when the mothers were younger than 15 years of age. Data on breastfeeding during 1986–1994 are based on responses to questions in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) Cycle 5, conducted in 1995. Data for 1995–2001 are based on the NSFG Cycle 6 conducted in 2002. See Appendix I, National Survey of Family Growth. Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle 5 (1995), Cycle 6 (2002).

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2009
Health, United States, 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2010 Jan.

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