Table 137Private health insurance coverage among persons under 65 years of age, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1984–2007

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Private health insurance1
Number in millions
Percent of population
Under 18 years72.671.865.266.166.663.
 Under 6 years68.167.959.561.362.758.258.156.654.754.1
 6–17 years74.974.068.368.568.565.365.664.761.762.6
18–44 years76.575.570.969.470.567.767.366.665.065.5
 18–24 years67.464.560.859.360.358.858.
 25–34 years77.475.970.
 35–44 years83.982.777.776.477.075.174.873.772.071.7
45–64 years83.382.580.179.078.777.377.176.975.275.5
 45–54 years83.383.480.980.480.077.977.877.475.175.4
 55–64 years83.381.679.076.976.776.576.176.275.475.5
Sex and marital status5
 Divorced, separated, widowed65.564.662.459.962.259.459.056.755.455.8
 Never married71.368.365.463.363.860.860.460.257.859.8
 Divorced, separated, widowed63.163.661.759.163.258.458.659.956.357.0
 Never married72.
White only79.979.174.574.275.771.571.470.969.169.7
Black or African American only58.157.753.054.755.954.953.952.951.351.8
American Indian or Alaska Native only49.145.545.339.443.745.044.743.036.336.4
Asian only69.971.968.468.072.171.471.672.272.173.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - -- - -- - -- - - * * * * * *
2 or more races- - -- - -- - -- - -61.456.362.057.654.052.7
Hispanic origin and race6
Hispanic or Latino55.751.546.446.447.841.941.742.440.041.7
 Puerto Rican48.445.647.647.051.148.647.348.546.154.2
 Other Hispanic or Latino61.661.051.449.950.745.345.145.644.344.3
Not Hispanic or Latino78.778.574.474.075.273.773.773.071.371.7
 White only82.482.578.678.179.577.877.977.375.676.2
 Black or African American only58.257.753.454.956.055.554.653.152.252.3
Age and percent of poverty level7
Under 65 years:
 Below 100%
 100%–less than 150%
 150%-less than 200%
 200% or more91.590.888.386.485.784.684.283.783.183.1
Under 18 years:
 Below 100%28.522.316.918.319.515.914.
 100%–less than 150%66.259.648.543.539.833.935.935.030.428.3
 150%-less than 200%80.975.967.465.759.750.951.748.447.843.8
 200% or more92.392.589.587.886.785.
Private health insurance1
Disability measure8Percent of population
Any basic actions difficulty or complex activity limitation- - -- - -- - -61.663.259.658.958.156.456.4
No disability- - -- - -- - -77.377.374.474.473.672.472.9
Geographic region
Location of residence
Within MSA977.576.572.171.272.370.269.669.067.567.8
Outside MSA975.273.867.968.467.863.765.564.660.361.0

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data not shown have a relative standard error of greater than 30%.

- - - Data not available.


Any private health insurance coverage (both individual and insurance obtained through the workplace) at the time of interview; includes those who also had another type of coverage.


Data prior to 1997 are not strictly comparable with data for later years due to the 1997 questionnaire redesign. See Appendix I, National Health Interview Survey and Appendix II, Health insurance coverage.


Estimates for 2000–2002 were calculated using 2000-based sample weights and may differ from estimates in other reports that used 1990-based sample weights for 2000–2002 estimates.


Includes all other races not shown separately, those with unknown marital status, and, in 1984 and 1989, persons with unknown poverty level.


Includes persons 14–64 years of age.


The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category including Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.


Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Poverty level was unknown for 10%–11% of persons under 65 years of age in 1984 and 1989. Missing family income data were imputed for 15%–16% of persons under 65 years of age in 1994–1996, 23% in 1997, and 27%–33% in 1998–2007. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.


Any basic actions difficulty or complex activity limitation is defined as having one or more of the following limitations or difficulties: movement difficulty, emotional difficulty, sensory (seeing or hearing) difficulty, cognitive difficulty, self-care (ADL or IADL) limitation, social limitation, or work limitation. For more information, see Appendix II, Basic actions difficulty; Complex activity limitation. Starting with 2007 data, the hearing question, a component of the basic actions difficulty measure, was revised. Consequently, data prior to 2007 are not comparable with 2007 data. For more information on the impact of the revised hearing question, see Appendix II, Hearing trouble.


MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2006, see Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

NOTES: Private health insurance coverage is at the time of interview. The number of persons with private coverage was calculated by multiplying the percent with private coverage by the number of persons under age 65 in the civilian non-institutionalized U.S. population. Percents were calculated with unknown values excluded from denominators. See Appendix II, Health insurance coverage. Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​ Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, health insurance supplements (1984, 1989, 1994–1996). Starting with 1997 data, data are from the family core questionnaire. Basic actions difficulty or complex activity limitation data are from the sample adult file.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2009
Health, United States, 2009: With Special Feature on Medical Technology.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2010 Jan.

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