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Office of the Surgeon General (US); Office on Smoking and Health (US). The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2004.

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The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General.

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Abbreviations

AAA

abdominal aortic aneurysm

AAI

ankle-arm index

AANL

adult acute nonlymphocytic leukemia

ABI

ankle/brachial blood pressure index

ACS

American Cancer Society

ADT

aerodigestive tract

AF

attributable fraction

AGL

acute granulocytic leukemia

AHA

American Heart Association

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

AMD

age-related macular degeneration

AML

acute myelocytic leukemia

ANCOVA

analysis of covariance

ANLL

acute nonlymphocytic leukemia

ANOVA

analysis of variance

AR

attributable risk

ARI

acute respiratory illness

ARIC

Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study

AZT

azidothymidine or zidovudine

BMC

bone mineral content

BMD

bone mineral density

BMI

body mass index

BRFSS

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

BUA

broadband ultrasound attenuation

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

CAL

clinical attachment level

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEJ

cemento-enamel junction

CGL

chronic granulocytic leukemia

CHD

coronary heart disease

CHF

congestive heart failure

CHS

Cardiovascular Health Study

CI

confidence interval

CLL

chronic lymphocytic leukemia

cm

centimeter

CML

chronic myelogenous leukemia

COLD

chronic obstructive lung disease

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPITN

Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs

CPS-I

Cancer Prevention Study I

CPS-II

Cancer Prevention Study II

CT

computed tomography

CVD

cardiovascular disease

DALE

disability-adjusted life expectancy

DALYs

disability-adjusted life years

df

degrees of freedom

DFS

decayed or filled surfaces

DFT

decayed or filled teeth

DMF

decayed, missing, or filled teeth

DMFS

decayed, missing, or filled surfaces

DMFT

decayed, missing, or filled teeth

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DR

diabetic retinopathy

DS

decayed surfaces

EBCT

electron beam computed tomography

ED

erectile dysfunction

EF

etiologic fraction

eNOS

endothelial nitric oxide synthase

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ER

estrogen receptor

ERT

estrogen replacement therapy

ETS

environmental tobacco smoke

FEF

forced expiratory flow

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in one second

FL

Flanders and Rothman model

FS

filled surfaces

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

FVC

forced vital capacity

g

gram

GSTM1

glutathione transferase classes mu

H. pylori

Helicobacter pylori

HBV

hepatitis B virus

HCFA

Health Care Financing Administration

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

Hg

mercury

HI

hemagglutination inhibition

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HMO

health maintenance organization

HPV

human papilloma virus

HR

hazard ratio

HRT

hormone replacement therapy

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IDF

incidence density fraction

Ig

immunoglobulin

IHD

ischemic heart disease

IL

interleukin

IMT

intimal-medial thickness

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPF

idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

IUGR

intrauterine growth retardation

IVF

in vitro fertilization

kg

kilogram

LBW

low birth weight

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

LL

log-linear model

LOH

loss of heterozygosity

LPA

loss of periodontal attachment

LRI

lower respiratory illness

MD

myelodysplasia

MeSH

Medical Subject Heading

mg

milligram

MI

myocardial infarction

mL

milliliter

mm

millimeter

MRFIT

Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MS

missing surfaces

N

total population size

n

total sample size

NA

not applicable

NAEC

National Advisory Eye Council

NAT2

N-acetyltransferase 2

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NEI

National Eye Institute

ng

nanogram

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHIS

National Health Interview Survey

NHLBI

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NMES

National Medical Expenditures Survey

NMFS

National Mortality Followback Survey

NNK

nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone

NPT

nocturnal penile tumescence

NR

data were not reported

NRC

National Research Council

NS

not significant

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

O/E

observed/expected

OR

odds ratio

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment

p

probability

PAH

polyaromatic hydrocarbon

PAR

population attributable risk

PBI

penile-brachial index

PDAY

Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth Study

PDR

proliferative diabetic retinopathy

PMN

polymorphonuclear neutrophilic leukocyte

POR

prevalence odds ratio

PPD

probing pocket depth

PR

progesterone receptor

PROM

premature rupture of membranes

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

QALYs

quality-adjusted life years

R2

prediction values

RDFS

root decayed or filled surfaces

RDS

respiratory distress syndrome

RDS

root decayed surfaces

REM

rapid eye movement

RH

relative hazard

RR

relative risk

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus

SAF

smoking attributable fraction

SAM

smoking attributable mortality

SAMMEC

Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs

SD

standard deviation

SE

standard error

SEER

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program

SES

socioeconomic status

SGA

small for gestational age

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

SMR

standardized mortality ratio

SRD

smoking-related disease

SWI

surgical wound infections

TBARS

thiobarbituric acid reactive substances

TGF-

transforming growth factor alpha

Th

T-helper

TNF

tumor necrosis factor

TPA

tissue plasminogen activator

tPTEF/tE

the ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow to expiratory time

UC

ulcerative colitis

URI

upper respiratory illness

USDHEW

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

USDHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

VEGF

vascular endothelial growth factor

VLBW

very low birth weight

VLDL

very low-density lipoprotein

VmaxFRC

maximal flow at functional residual capacity

vWF

von Willebrand factor

WHO

World Health Organization

YPLL

years of potential life lost

YRBS

Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Bookshelf ID: NBK44693

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