Appendix Table D2Association between low dairy Ca++ intake and bone fractures

StudyComparisonOutcomeEstimateMean (95% CI)
Goulding, 200437
Country: New Zealand Prepubertal children with a history of long-term milk avoidance Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: NR/NR
Calcium intake below 300 mg/day vs. >300mg/dayHistory of fractureCrude OR1.26 (0.34; 4.65)
Looker, 199343
Country: USA
Men and postmenopausal women Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: NR/Y
Selected calcium cut points (mg~day) <400 vs. >1,000 in menHistory of fractureAdjusted for alcohol use, smoking, physical activity, BMI, and postmenopausal hormone use in the total sample of women in addition to age RR0.51 (0.20; 1.10)
Selected calcium cut points (mg~day) <400 vs. >1,000 in women0.91 (0.50; 1.60)
Selected calcium cut points (mg~day) <400 vs., >1,000 in late menopausal women0.73 (0.30; 1.60)
Tavani, 199549
Country: Italy
Postmenopausal women Ca++ intake difference in comparison groups: NR/NR
Ca++ intake >1,026mg/day vs. <443mg/dayHip fractureAdjusted for age, education, smoking status, total alcohol consumption, and estrogen replacement therapy OR1.20 (0.80; 2.00)

From: Appendix D, Evidence Tables

Cover of Lactose Intolerance and Health
Lactose Intolerance and Health.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 192.
Wilt TJ, Shaukat A, Shamliyan T, et al.

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