Table 11Studies of the association of sex with CRC screening

Author, Year
Study Design
Population Setting
Sample Size
Study AimsPrimary Outcome of Interest for ReviewPredictors ExaminedPotential Confounders/ConsideredVariables Associated with CRC Screening*Results (95% CI)
McQueen et al., 2006133

Cross-sectional, national

HINTS, 2002–2003, 50+ years

N = 2,686

Examine correlates of test use by genderAny test (endoscopy in the last 10 years or FOBT in the last year) (self-report)GenderAge, gender, race, education, number of physician visits in past year, family history of CRC↑ of FOBT among female

No differences by gender for other tests
Females reported slightly higher lifetime (ever) and recent use of FOBT than males (17.1% lifetime and 9.3% recent for female; and 12.1% lifetime and 5.2% recent for male)
Peterson et al., 200742

Cross-sectional, national

NHIS, 2000, 50+ years

N = 11,487

Explore gender differences in use of CRC screening tests and gender- specific correlates of CRC testingAny test (FS or colonoscopy in the last 10 years or FOBT in the last year)GenderAge, gender, ethnicity/race, education, annual income, insurance typeNo gender differences in current CRC screening ratesFemales were not less likely than males to be current in testing for CRC (AOR 0.98; 95% CI, 0.88–1.08)

AOR, adjusted odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; CRC, colorectal cancer; FOBT, fecal occult blood test; FS, flexible sigmoidoscopy; HINTS, Health Information National Trends Survey; NHIS, National Health Interview Survey.


Arrow symbols (↓ or ↑) are provided as a quick reference point of overall findings and represent the association reported between each variable and CRC screening.

From: 4, Results

Cover of Enhancing the Use and Quality of Colorectal Cancer Screening
Enhancing the Use and Quality of Colorectal Cancer Screening.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 190.
Holden DJ, Harris R, Porterfield DS, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.