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Office on Smoking and Health (US). The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US); 2006.

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The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General.

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List of Abbreviations

AB

aminobiphenyl

AC

adenylyl cyclase

ACH

air changes per hour

ACS

American Cancer Society

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

AHA

American Heart Association

AHU

air handling unit

ALA

American Lung Association

ALL

acute lymphocytic leukemia

ALSPAC

Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood

AMA

American Medical Association

ANR

American Nonsmokers’ Rights

AOD

airway obstructive disease

AOM

acute otitis media

AOR

adjusted odds ratio

ARB

Air Resources Board

ARIC

Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers

ASSIST

American Stop Smoking Intervention Study for Cancer Prevention

ATP

adenosine triphosphate

BALF

bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

B[ a ]P

benzo[a]pyrene

BAS

building automation system

BHR

bronchial hyperreactivity

BL

bronchiolitis

BMI

body mass index

BR

bronchitis

BRFSS

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

BSID

Bayley Scales of Infant Development

Ca

calcium

CAB

Civil Aeronautics Board

Cal/EPA

California Environmental Protection Agency

CAT

California Achievement Test

C/Co

concentration of contaminant

Cd

cadmium

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFD

computational fluid dynamics

CHD

coronary heart disease

CI

confidence interval

CIN

cervical intraepithelial neoplasia

cm

centimeter

cm3

cubic centimeter

CNS

central nervous system

CO

carbon monoxide

CO 2

carbon dioxide

COMMIT

Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CPS

Current Population Survey

CPS-I

Cancer Prevention Study I

CPS-II

Cancer Prevention Study II

CT

computed tomography

df

degrees of freedom

EC

European Communities

EEFR

end-expiratory flow rate

EIA

enzyme-linked immunoassay

ELISA

Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay

ENT

ear, nose, and throat

ENU

ethylnitrosourea

EP

ethenyl pyridine

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

ETS

environmental tobacco smoke

FAA

Federal Aviation Administration

FEF

forced expiratory flow

FEFR

forced expiratory flow rate

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in one second

fmol

femtomole

FPM

fluorescing particulate matter

FRC

functional residual capacity

ft2

square feet

ft3

cubic feet

FVC

forced vital capacity

g

gram

GASP

Group Against Smoking Pollution

GC–MS

gas chromatography–mass spectrometry

GLC

gas-liquid chromatography

Gluc

glucuronide

GM-CSF

granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor

GSTM1

glutathione S-transferase form M1

Hb

hemoglobin

HCFA

Health Care Financing Administration

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

HEPA

high-efficiency particulate air

hMG

human menopausal gonadotropin

1-HOP

1-hydroxypyrene

HPB

4-hydroxy-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

HVAC

heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease

ICC

Interstate Commerce Commission

ICD

International Classification of Diseases

IFN-γ

interferon gamma

IgE

immunoglobulin E

IgG1

immunoglobulin G1

IHD

ischemic heart disease

IL

interleukin

IMT

intimal medial thickness

ISAAC

International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood

IU

International Units

IUGR

intrauterine growth retardation

JCAHO

Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations

JPHC

Japan Public Health Center

L

liter

LBW

low birth weight

LC

liquid chromatography

LD

less than detectable

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

LRI

lower respiratory illness

L/S

lectin/sphyngomyelin

m2

square meter

m3

cubic meter

MAPK

mitogen-activated protein kinase

MDI

Mental Development Index

MEE

middle ear effusion

MEFR

mid-expiratory flow rate

MeSH

Medical Subject Headings

mg

milligram

MI

myocardial infarction

mL

milliliter

MMEF

mean mid-expiratory flow

MRC

Medical Research Council

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

MSCA

McCarthy Scales of Children’s Abilities

MTA

Metropolitan Transportation Authority

μ

micron

μg

microgram

μL

microliter

μm

micrometer

μmol

micromole

nAChR

nicotinic acetylcholine receptor

NAT

N-acetyltransferase

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCI

National Cancer Institute

ng

nanogram

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHAPS

National Human Activity Pattern Survey

NHIS

National Health Interview Survey

NHMRC

National Health and Medical Research Council

NHS

Nurses Health Study

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NMFS

National Mortality Followback Survey

NNAL

4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol

NNAL-Gluc

glucuronide conjugate of NNAL

NNK

4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone

NNN

N′-nitrosonornicotine

NO

nitric oxide

NOS

nitric oxide synthase

NPC

nasopharyngeal carcinoma

NPD

nitrogen-phosphorus specific detector

NR

data were not reported

NRC

National Research Council

NS

not significant

NTS

nucleus tractus solitarius

O3

ozone

8-OH-dG

8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine

OM

otitis media

OME

otitis media with effusion

OPPS

Ottawa Prenatal Prospective Study

OR

odds ratio

OSH

Office on Smoking and Health

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OVA

ovalbumen

PAF-AH

platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase

PAH

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PEF

peak expiratory flow

PFT

pulmonary function test

pg

picogram

PIF

peak inspiratory flow

PK-C

protein kinase C

PM

particulate matter

PMA

phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate

pmol

picomole

PMN

polymorphonuclear leukocyte

PN

pneumonia

POR

prevalence odds ratio

ppb

parts per billion

ppm

parts per million

PPVT

Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test

RAST

Radioallergosorbent Test

RAVEN

Raven Colored Progressive Matrices Test

RDD

random-digit telephone dialing

RIA

radioimmunoassay

ROM

recurrent otitis media

RPM

respirable particulate matter

RR

relative risk

RSP

respirable suspended particles

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus

SCAN

central auditory processing task

SCI

silent cerebral infarction

SD

standard deviation

SEER

Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results

SES

socioeconomic status

SGA

small for gestational age

sGaw

specific airway conductance

sGawEE

specific airway conductance at end expiration

SHEEP

Stockholm Heart Epidemiology Program

SHPPS

School Health Policies and Programs Study

SIDRIA

Italian Studies on Respiratory Disorders in Childhood and the Environment

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

s/kPa

kilopascal

SO2

sulfur dioxide

SolPM

solanesol particulate matter

SPT

skin-prick test

99mTc-DTPA

technetium99m labeled diethylenetriamine penta-acetate

TEA

thermal energy analyzer

Th

T-helper

TIA

transient ischemic attack

TNF

tumor necrosis factor

TPTEF:TE

the ratio of time to peak tidal expiratory flow to expiratory time

TSNA

tobacco-specific nitrosamine

tt-MA

trans,trans-muconic acid

URI

upper respiratory illness

USDHEW

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

USDHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

USDOC

U.S. Department of Commerce

USDOD

U.S. Department of Defense

USDOJ

U.S. Department of Justice

USVA

U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs

UV

ultraviolet

UVPM

ultraviolet-absorbing particulate matter

VmaxFRC

maximal forced expiratory flow at functional residual capacity

VOCs

volatile organic compounds

WHO

World Health Organization

WISC

Weschler Intelligence Scale for Children

Bookshelf ID: NBK44327

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