Table 2.28. Percentage (and 95% confidence interval) of smokers aged 18 years or older who have quit smoking, by gender and selected characteristics, National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), United States, 1997-1998

CharacteristicNHIS, 1997-1998NHSDA, 1997-1998
WomenMenWomenMen
Overall46.2 (±0.9)50.1 (±0.9)42.4 (±2.0)47.5 (±2.0)
Age (years)
18-2423.8 (±2.9)19.3 (±2.7)15.4 (±2.5)9.8 (±1.9)
25-4436.9 (±1.4)35.3 (±1.4)33.2 (±2.6)32.4 (±3.0)
45-6452.7 (±1.6)57.4 (±1.5)49.4 (±3.9)57.9 (±3.6)
> 6570.0 (±1.9)83.2 (±1.3)64.3 (±5.1)77.8 (±4.3)
Race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic47.7 (±1.1)52.7 (±1.1)43.8 (±2.3)50.0 (±2.4)
Black, non-Hispanic34.3 (±2.5)35.8 (±2.6)34.9 (±3.7)34.5 (±4.0)
Hispanic45.9 (±2.9)42.8 (±2.5)35.4 (±4.8)41.0 (±3.9)
American Indian or Alaska Native38.4 (±10.2)33.3 (± 11.3)25.4 (±16.5) * 43.7 (±28.2) *
Asian or Pacific Islander40.0 (±8.9)51.2 (±6.3)53.3 (±19.5)40.1 (±13.4)
Education (number of years) **
< 849.2 (±3.8)56.3 (±2.9)44.8 (±8.7)55.8 (+6.7)
9-1139.1 (±2.4)43.6 (±2.4)33.6 (±5.2)36.5 (±5.7)
1243.2 (±1.6)48.1 (±1.7)40.3 (±3.5)46.9 (±3.8)
13-1549.6 (±1.8)52.6 (±1.8)46.1 (±4.1)53.4 (±4.5)
> 1666.2 (±2.2)69.8 (±1.9)63.0 (±4.9)64.9 (±4.8)
Socioeconomic status§
Below poverty level30.1 (±2.1)31.6 (±2.6)NA >§<§ NA
At or above poverty level48.1 (±1.1)51.5 (±1.1)NANA
Unknown49.0 (±2.2)53.0 (±2.2)NANA

Note: Percentage of smokers who have quit smoking in NHIS is the percentage of all persons in each demographic category who reported smoking > 100 cigarettes in their lifetime who are former smokers. Prevalence for NHSDAis the percentage of all persons in each demographic category who reported smoking > 100 days in their lifetime who are former smokers.

*

Estimate should be interpreted with caution because of the small number of respondents.

**

For women aged > 25 years.

§

See Appendix 2 for definitions.

>§<§

From: Chapter 2. Patterns of Tobacco Use Among Women and Girls

Cover of Women and Smoking
Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office on Smoking and Health (US).

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