Table 6bEffect of quality improvement strategies on summary adherence outcomes

Type of QIMedian improvement in proportion of provider adherence to recommended practiceMedian improvement in proportion of patient adherence
[inter-quartile range] [inter-quartile range]
N = number of comparisonsN = number of comparisons
All comparisons 3.02.8
[1.0, 5.5][1.9, 3.0]
N = 103, 4, 10, 20, 25, 26, 44, 58, 67, 69 N = 54, 8, 22, 45, 69
Provider reminders -1.3NA
[-2.0, 2.9]N = 0
N = 320, 25, 67
Facilitated relay of clinical data 2.02.4
[-0.4, 3.7][0.8, 5.0]
N = 73, 10, 25, 26, 58, 67, 69 N = 48, 22, 45, 69
Audit and feedback 2.7-2.7
[-0.4, 3.7]
N = 73, 25, 26, 44, 58, 67, 69 N = 169
Provider education 3.30.2
[0.7, 5.0][-2.7, 3.0]
N = 73, 4, 25, 26, 44, 67, 69 N = 24, 69
Patient education 0.42.4
[-1.3, 2.0][1.9, 2.8]
N = 210, 25 N = 222, 45
Promotion of self-management NA2.8
N = 0
N = 122
Patient reminder NANA
N = 0N = 0
Organizational change 0.46.8
[-1.6, 3.3][1.9, 11.6]
N = 410, 20, 25, 67 N = 28 45
Financial incentives NANA
N = 0N = 0

When N=2, square brackets show the actual results of each study rather than interpolated inter-quartile range.

From: 3, Results

Cover of Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 3: Hypertension Care)
Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 3: Hypertension Care).
Technical Reviews, No. 9.3.
Walsh J, McDonald KM, Shojania KG, et al.

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