Table 2bQuality improvement sub-strategies

QI strategyRandomized Controlled TrialNon-Randomized Controlled Trial*Total
CME 9 publications10, 12, 13, 26, 27, 31, 44, 47, 68, 69, 74 6 publications2, 3, 8, 21, 43, 63, 64, 66 15 publications
(11 comparisons)(8 comparisons)(19 comparisons)
Educational outreach 4 publications25, 26, 44, 47, 67, 69 2 publications3, 21 6 publications
(6 comparisons)(2 comparisons)(8 comparisons)
Distribution of printed materials 10 publications12, 18, 2527, 31, 44, 47, 51, 6769, 74 3 publications2, 3, 21 13 publications
(13 comparisons)(3 comparisons)(16 comparisons)
Disease/Case management 8 publications6, 12, 13, 25, 32, 34, 57, 61, 67, 82 1 publications63, 66 9 publications
(10 comparisons)(2 comparisons)(12 comparisons)
Team/Staffing change 25 publications6, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 19, 2325, 28, 30, 32, 34, 35, 38, 40, 41, 45, 46, 48, 49, 53, 57, 62, 67, 72, 73, 75, 7779, 82 8 publications3, 8, 9, 14, 17, 20, 29, 63, 65, 66 33 publications
(33 comparisons)(10 comparisons)(43 comparisons)
Telemedicine 1 publications40 1 publications65 1 publications
(1 comparisons)(1 comparisons)
Change in medical record system 5 publications5, 6, 25, 32, 40, 67 2 publications2, 54, 65 7 publications
(6 comparisons)(3 comparisons)(9 comparisons)
Total 4815 publications63 publications
(64 comparisons)(18 comparisons)(82 comparisons)
*

Includes 6 publications (with 7 comparisons) that are quasi-RCTs3, 8, 9, 17, 43, 58, 64 and 9 publications (with 11 comparisons that are controlled before-after 2, 4, 14, 20, 21, 29, 36, 54, 63, 65, 66

CME refers to traditional CME in the form of educational workshops or meetings.

The intervention group remained the same for both comparisons but the control group differed resulting in a difference in the study design; the first comparison for this study was a randomized control trial; the second comparison for this study had a controlled before-after design.

From: 3, Results

Cover of Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 3: Hypertension Care)
Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 3: Hypertension Care).
Technical Reviews, No. 9.3.
Walsh J, McDonald KM, Shojania KG, et al.

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