Table 1Characteristics of hospitals by pharmacist availability

Hospital characteristicsPharm available 0–15 hrs/wk N (%)Pharm available 32–76 hrs/wk N (%)Pharm available 24 hr/day, 7 days/wk N (%)
Type of hospital
 Critical Access18 (100.0)16 (100.0)0
 General community00143 (100.0)
Average occupied bed size
 1–1013 (72.2)4 (25.0)0
 11–245 (27.8)12 (75.0)0
 25–49001 (0.7)
 50–99003 (2.1)
 100–1990031 (21.7)
 200–2990051 (35.7)
 300–3990028 (19.6)
 400–4990012 (8.4)
 >5000017 (11.9)
Owner/operator of facility
 Government, non-Federal (State/city/county)12 (66.7)2 (12.5)13 (9.1)
 Nongovernment, nonprofit6 (33.3)14 (87.5)130 (90.9)
Average doses dispensed per month
 <9,99917 (94.4)13 (81.2)2 (1.4)
 10,000–19,9991 (5.6)2 (12.5)3 (2.1)
 20,000–29,99901 (6.2)0
 30,000–99,9990042 (29.4)
 100,000–149,9990036 (25.2)
 150,000–199,9990022 (15.4)
 ≥200,0000038 (26.6)
Computerized prescriber order entry
 Used in all clinical areas01 (6.2)11 (7.7)
 Used in some clinical areas04 (25.0)9 (6.3)
 Not in use18 (100.0)11 (68.8)123 (86.0)
Computer-generated medical administration record2 (11.1)7 (43.8)129 (90.8)
Automated dispensing system in use
 Centralized + decentralized system02 (12.5)68 (47.6)
 Centralized system2 (11.1)1 (6.2)12 (8.4)
 Decentralized system03 (18.8)58 (40.6)
 Not in use16 (88.9)10 (62.5)5 (3.5)
Pharmacist primarily prepares inpatient IV admixture products & solutions08 (50.0)140 (97.9)

Note: No facilities had a pharmacist available 16–31 hrs/wk.

From: The Association Between Pharmacist Support and Voluntary Reporting of Medication Errors: An Analysis of MEDMARX® Data

Cover of Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 1: Assessment)
Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 1: Assessment).
Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., editors.

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