Evidence Table 18. Complications occurring more than 30 days after surgical or endoscopic procedures

SurgicalEndoscopic
ONFLNFOPALPALNF /LPAERXSTR
Re-operation N (%) Catarci 20049 (3.4)Catarci 200419 (5.6)Catarci 20042 (2.2)Ludemann 20053 (6)NDNDND
Sato 20026 (4.3)Catarci 20041 (1)
O'Boyle 20006 (<1)
Seelig 19994 (<1)
Bleeidng N (%) NDNDNDNDNDNDTriadafilopoulos 20020
Gastrointestinal N (%) NDLudemann 2005 inability to belch normally22 (43)NDLudemann 2005 inability to belch normally10 (20)Klaus 2003 diarrhea15 (17.9)Cohen 2003 injury0Richards 2003; 2001; Houston 2003 pancreatitis1 (4)
diarrhea14 (27)diarrhea12 (24)Carlson 2001 reflux206 (3.5)Triadafilopoulos 2002; 2001 ulcer stricture0
increased flatulence41 (80)increased flatulence31 (62)Torquati 2004 ulceration0
Coelho 2003 ulcer2 (2.6)0
Dally 2004 penetration of Teflon pledgets7 (<1)
Dysphagia N (%) Catarci 200442 (13.1)Ludemann 200514 (27)Catarci 200414 (13.2)Ludemann 20059 (18)Carlson 2001188 (2.5)Schumacher 200512 (13)Triadafilopoulos 2002; 20010
Catarci 200455 (15.1)Catarci 20046 (5.2)Richards 20030Johnson 20038 (10.3)Lufti 2005; Torquati 20040
Sato 20029 (6.5)Cohen 20031 (<1)
Mahon 20055 (4.6)
Bloating N (%) Catarci 200424 (12.8)Ludemann 200538 (75)NDLudemann 200522 (44)Klaus 200316 (19)NDLufti 20050
Anvari 2001; 199845 (32)Carlson 2001239 (9.4)
Catarci 200423 (12.2)Richards 20030
Coelho 20036 (7.8)
Pain N (%) NDNDNDNDNDNDTriadafilopoulos 2002 chest0

Carlson 2001: systematic review; 6,542 cases including 61.4% Nissen, 23.8% Toupet, 13.4% Nissen-Rossetti, and 1.4% other procedures; results on each procedure separately are not given

Catarci 2004: meta-analysis

Dally 2004: specifically focused on patients with symptomatic lumenal penetration of Teflon pledgets as adverse event; other adverse events may have happened, as well but they were not reported; some of these patients were re-operated for that complication (specific number could not be extracted)

O'Boyle 2000: specifically focused on patients with iagtrogenic stomach herniation as adverse event; other adverse events may have happened, as well but they were not reported

Seelig 1999: specifically focused on patients with para-esophageal hernia as adverse event; other adverse events may have happened, as well but they were not reported

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables

Cover of Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies For Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies For Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 1.
Ip S, Bonis P, Tatsioni A, et al.

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