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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Dietary Supplement Use by Military Personnel; Greenwood MRC, Oria M, editors. Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2008.

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Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel.

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GBiographical Sketches of Committee Members

M.R.C. Greenwood, Ph.D., is Professor of Nutrition and Internal Medicine, Chair of the graduate group in Nutritional Biology, Director of the Foods for Health Initiative at the University of California, Davis, and Chancellor Emerita, University of California, Santa Cruz. Her previous positions include Chancellor of the University of California, Santa Cruz, from 1996 to 2004 and University of California Provost and Senior Vice President of Academic Affairs. Prior to her Santa Cruz appointments, she was Dean of Graduate Studies and Vice Provost for Academic Outreach and Professor of Biology and Internal Medicine at University of California, Davis. Prior to that, she taught at Vassar College, where she was Chair of the Department of Biology and Director of the Undergraduate Research Summer Institute and was on the adjunct faculty of Columbia University’s medical school. From November 1993 to May 1995, while on leave from the University of California, Davis, Greenwood served as Associate Director for Science at the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President of the United States. She has been a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies (NAS) since 1992. She is currently the Chair of the NAS Policy and Global Affairs Committee. She was a member of the Food and Nutrition Board from 1985 to 1990 and served as chair from 1990 to 1993. She is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as well as the American Association for the Advancement of Science, serving as its president in 1998 and chair in 1999. She has been President of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition and NAASO, the Obesity Society. Dr. Greenwood received her A.B., summa cum laude, from Vassar College, and received her Ph.D. from Rockefeller University. Her research areas include obesity, diabetes, and women’s health.

Cheryl Anderson, Ph.D., M.P.H., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Previously, she was an Instructor of Epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics. Dr. Anderson’s research centers on diet and the prevention of chronic diseases in minority and underserved populations. Her current research projects address diet and the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the context of chronic kidney disease and the optimal macronutrient intake in CVD prevention. Dr. Anderson is a member of the American Heart Association Committee on Nutrition and Physical Activity. She is also a Dannon Institute Nutrition Leadership Institute (NLI) Scholar and the current President of the NLI Alumni Association. She recently served on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke Writing Group on Primary Prevention of Stroke. She has an A.B. from Brown University, M.P.H. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and an M.S. in epidemiology and a Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine.

Bruce R. Bistrian, M.D., Ph.D., is Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Chief of Clinical Nutrition, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Formerly he was Codirector of Hyperalimentation Services, New England Deaconess Hospital, and a lecturer in the Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Dr. Bistrian’s primary research interests include nutritional assessment, the metabolic effects of acute infections, nutritional support of hospitalized patients, and the pathophysiology of protein-calorie malnutrition. He is a Fellow of the American College of Physicians, and has received an honorary M.A. from Harvard University. Dr. Bistrian is the 2004 recipient of the Goldberger Award of the American Medical Association. Dr. Bistrian has been President of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, President of the American Society of Clinical Nutrition, and President of the Federation of American Societies of Experimental Biology. He currently serves on the IOM Committee on Military Nutrition Research. Dr. Bistrian has served on the editorial boards of numerous nutrition and medical journals, and is the author or coauthor of over 400 articles for scientific publications. He earned his M.D. from Cornell University, his M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University, and his Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry and metabolism from MIT. Dr. Bistrian is board certified in internal medicine and was certified in critical care medicine from 1987 to 2007.

John W. Erdman, Jr., Ph.D., is Professor of Nutrition and Food Science in the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition and a Professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research interests include the effects of food processing on nutrient retention, the metabolic roles of vitamin A and beta-carotene, and the effects of tomatoes and broccoli and their bioactive components on risk of prostate cancer. His research regarding soy protein has extended into studies on the impact of nonnutrient components of foods, such as phytoestrogens, on chronic disease. Dr. Erdman has published over 160 peer-reviewed research papers. He chaired the 1988 Gordon Conference on Carotenoids, and has served as a Burroughs Wellcome Visiting Professor in Basic Medical Sciences at the University of Georgia, and the G. Malcolm Trout Visiting Scholar at Michigan State University. His awards include the Borden Award from the American Society for Nutritional Sciences and the Babcock-Hart Award from the Institute of Food Technologists. Dr. Erdman has served on many editorial boards, and on many program and planning committees for the American Society of Nutritional Sciences, the Institute of Food Technologists, and the NAS. In 1992, he was elected a Fellow of the Institute of Food Technologists, and in 2003 he was elected a Fellow of the American Heart Association. Dr. Erdman was elected to the IOM in 2003. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. in food science from Rutgers University.

William C. Franke, Ph.D., is an Associate Director of the Center for Advanced Food Technology at Rutgers University. He provides technical expertise in the area of product development and food regulations, especially as related to functional foods and nutraceuticals, and develops new opportunities for technology transfer to small and large companies. He also contributes to administration, marketing, and strategic planning. He is a coprincipal investigator for a U.S. Department of Defense contract to develop combat rations to improve the physical and mental performance of soldiers under stress. Previously, he spent 28 years at Lipton/Unilever and served in a number of senior management positions in product development, quality assurance, and regulatory affairs. Most recently, he was Vice President for Scientific and Regulatory Affairs with Unilever United States before he retired. He is a former member of the NAS/IOM Food Forum and served on the IOM expert Committee on Evaluation of the Addition of Ingredients New to Infant Formula. He also served as a member of the board of the Cancer Institute of New Jersey and was recently elected a Fellow of the Institute of Food Technologists. Dr. Franke founded Heart Blend Foods LLC, an R&D company that specializes in the development of heart-healthy foods, in 2005. The company’s objective is to license technology and/or bring products to market that improve public health.

Elizabeth Jeffery, Ph.D., is Professor of Nutritional Toxicology and Professor of Nutritional Sciences at the University of Illinois. Dr. Jeffery teaches and performs research in the area of safety and efficacy of functional foods and dietary supplements, with emphasis on biochemical mechanisms of cancer prevention by broccoli and related crucifers. A toxicologist by training, Dr. Jeffery has held elected positions on the Education and Nominating Committees of the Society of Toxicology. She is past President of the Midwest Regional Chapter of the Society of Toxicology and past Chair of the Toxicology specialty section in the American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. She is past Director of Research Interest Sections and past Chair of the Dietary Bioactive Components Research Interest Section of the American Nutrition Society. She served on the NAS Committee on the Framework for Evaluating the Safety of Dietary Supplements. She has served as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology and as guest Field Editor for the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, and is involved in the review of research grant proposals for both the NIH and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Dr. Jeffery has a Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of London, England.

Robin B. Kanarek, Ph.D., is Professor of Psychology at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts. Her prior positions include Research Fellow, Division of Endocrinology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) School of Medicine; Research Fellow in Nutrition at Harvard University; and Professor of Nutrition, Chair of the Psychology Department and Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Tufts University. She is a member of the editorial boards of Physiology and Behavior, Nutritional Neuroscience, and the Tufts Diet and Nutrition Newsletter and is a past Editor in Chief of Nutrition and Behavior. Dr. Kanarek has served on ad hoc review committees for the National Science Foundation, the NIH, and USDA nutrition research, as well as the Member Program Committee of the Eastern Psychological Association. She is a fellow of the American College of Nutrition and the North American Society for the Study of Obesity; her other professional memberships include the American Institute of Nutrition, New York Academy of Sciences, Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, and Society for Neurosciences. Dr. Kanarek received a B.A. in biology from Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in psychology from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Carl L. Keen, Ph.D., is Chairman of the Department of Nutrition at the University of California, Davis, and a Professor of Nutrition and Internal Medicine. Dr. Keen’s research focuses on the influence of diet on embryonic and fetal development, the study of gene–nutrient interactions (emphasizing how subtle changes in cell mineral concentrations influence the expression of select genes), dietary influences on oxidant defense systems and as a consequence the occurrence of cellular oxidative damage, and the influence of dietary flavonoids on vascular health. He has served on numerous government boards including California’s Scientific Advisory Board for the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, numerous Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Health Grant Review Panels, the USDA Human Nutrient Requirements Study Section, and several NIH study sections. He has served on a number of editorial boards and is a member of the American Society for Nutrition, the Teratology Society, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Gail B. Mahady, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Director of the Clinical Pharmacognosy Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Dr. Mahady’s research interests include the discovery of novel natural agents for treatment or prevention of infectious disease, specifically plant-based antimicrobial drugs for the prevention and treatment of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia infections in humans; the assessment of clinical safety and efficacy of herbal supplements globally for the symptomatic treatment of menopause, premenstrual syndrome, and chronic urinary tract infections; and the assessment of quality, safety, and efficacy of botanicals for the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Traditional Medicines Programme. She is a member of research faculty within the Pan American Health Organization/WHO Collaborating Center for Traditional Medicine at the College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago. She is an Elected Member of the United States Pharmacopeia Dietary Supplements Information Expert Panel and a member of the review panel for the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine’s Annual Bibliography of Significant Advances in Dietary Supplement Research, among many NIH review panels. Dr. Mahady received her Ph.D. in Pharmacognosy from the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Sanford A. Miller, Ph.D., is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Food and Nutrition Policy at the University of Maryland, College Park. In December 2000, he was named Professor and Dean Emeritus of the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, where he was the Dean of the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, and Professor in the Departments of Biochemistry and Medicine from 1987 to 2000. He is the former Director of the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Previously, he was a Professor of Nutritional Biochemistry at MIT. Dr. Miller has served on many national and international government and professional society advisory committees, including as Chair of the Joint FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization) Expert Consultation on the Application of Risk Analysis to Food Standards Issues. Dr. Miller’s professional honors include the Atwater Memorial Lectureship Award from the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Babcock-Hart Award from International Life Sciences Institute and the Institute of Food Technologists, the Conrad A. Elvehjem Award of the American Institute of Nutrition, the Esther Peterson Consumer Service Award from the Food Marketing Institute, the Sterling B. Hendricks Award from the USDA, and election as Fellow of the American Society for Nutrition. In June 2000, he was the recipient of the FDA’s Distinguished Alumni Award. He has been a member of many NAS committees, including the Food and Nutrition Board’s Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes, and Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients and Panel on Macronutrients. He was named a National Associate of NAS in 2002. He is author or coauthor of more than 200 original scientific publications. Dr. Miller received a B.S. in chemistry from the City College of New York, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in physiology and biochemistry from Rutgers University.

Esther F. Myers, Ph.D., R.D., is Director of Research and Scientific Affairs at the American Dietetic Association (ADA), a position she has held since October 2000, after retiring from the Air Force and serving as Chief Consultant to the Air Force Surgeon General. Dr. Myers currently focuses on research activities needed for the dietetics profession and the association, as well as the ADA strategic leadership initiative on obesity and the ADA Foundation initiative Healthy Weight for Kids. She has been actively involved in the development of ADA’s evidence analysis process and in research projects focusing on evaluating the impact of nutrition services in Medicare Demonstration projects and in collaboration with Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina. She is the ADA staff liaison with the Nutrition Care Process and Standardized Language Committee, which is developing and validating terminology to reflect nutrition care for standardized language systems and electronic health records. Prior to joining ADA, she served as a site visitor for the Commission on Accreditation for Dietetics Education, a peer reviewer for the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, and a member of the Health Services Research Task Force overseeing dietetic outcomes research. She was a member of the IOM Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries. Dr. Myers received her undergraduate degree from North Dakota State University, her master’s degree from the Ohio State University, and her doctorate from Kansas State University.

Janet Walberg Rankin, Ph.D., is a Professor in the Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. She has also served as Chair of its Food, Nutrition, and Health Initiative and acting Department Head as well as Associate Director, and then Interim Director of the University’s new Institute for Biomedical and Public Health Sciences. Dr. Rankin’s research is related to sports nutrition and interventions for obesity, with specific areas of interest that include the effects of dietary macronutrient mix, energy balance, and dietary supplements on performance, body composition, and immunity. Her current research focuses on dietary manipulations that may affect inflammation and oxidative stress in athletes and obese individuals. Dr. Rankin’s affiliation with professional organizations has included membership on the Executive Board and later serving as President of the Southeast Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine. She is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, has served as its Vice President, and has been a member or chair on many national committees for this organization. Dr. Rankin received her bachelor’s degree in zoology from Duke University and her doctorate in nutrition with a minor in exercise physiology from the University of California, Davis.


David F. Dinges, Ph.D., is Professor and Chief of the Division of Sleep and Chronobiology, and Director of the Unit for Experimental Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. His research focuses on physiological, neurobehavioral, and psychological effects of sleep loss, disturbances of circadian biology, and stress, and the implications of these unmitigated effects on health and safety. He has performed extensive scientific work on development and validation of behavioral, technological, and pharmacological countermeasures for these effects. His research has been supported by grants from the NIH, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Department of Transportation, and the Department of Homeland Security. He currently leads the Neurobehavioral and Psychosocial Factors Team for the NASA-funded National Space Biomedical Research Institute. He is a member of the National Advisory Council for Nursing Research of the NIH. He has been President of the U.S. Sleep Research Society and of the World Federation of Sleep Research and Sleep Medicine Societies, and served on the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and the National Sleep Foundation. He is currently Editor in Chief of SLEEP. He has received numerous awards, including the 2004 Decade of Behavior Research Award from the American Psychological Association, and the 2007 NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal.

Copyright © 2008, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK3971


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