Table 4Summary of components of Downs and Black Score

ReportingExternal ValidityBiasConfoundingPowerOverall
Maximum Score11376229
Mean Score (SD)*8.1 (1.3)1.3 (1.1)4.2 (0.8)3.0 (1.0)0.5 (0.5)17.2 (2.8)
*

SD indicates standard deviation

From: 3, Results

Cover of The Effectiveness of Different Methods of Toilet Training for Bowel and Bladder Control
The Effectiveness of Different Methods of Toilet Training for Bowel and Bladder Control.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 147.
Kiddoo D, Klassen TP, Lang ME, et al.

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