Table 55.1Etiologies of Stroke

Ischemic
Extracranial atherosclerosis
Intracranial atherosclerosis
Embolism from heart
Intracranial vasculitis (several types)
Increased blood viscosity or coagulability
Complicated migraine
Hypertensive arteriolar disease (lacunar stroke)
Fibromuscular dysplasia
Carotid dissection
Hemorrhage
Hypertension (primary hypertensive hematoma)
Saccular aneurysm
Arteriovenous malformation
Anticoagulant therapy
Bleeding dyscrasias
Amyloid angiopathy
Hemorrhage into brain tumor
Mycotic aneurysm
Idiopathic

From: Chapter 55, Cerebrovascular Disease

Cover of Clinical Methods
Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations. 3rd edition.
Walker HK, Hall WD, Hurst JW, editors.
Boston: Butterworths; 1990.
Copyright © 1990, Butterworth Publishers, a division of Reed Publishing.

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