TABLE 13-4Proportion Drinking 5 or More Drinks on 3 or More Occasions in Past 30 Days, Proportion Drinking at All on 3 or More Occasions in the Past 30 Days, Ratio of These, and Minimum Drinking Age, European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD), 1999

Country and Hazardous Drinking ScoreA. 5+ Drinks on 3 or More Occasions in Past 30 DaysB. Any Drinking on 3 or More Occasions in Past 30 DaysA/BMinimum Drinking Age (Any Beverage and Form)Has Been Drunk by Age 13Has Been Drunk in Past 30 Days
Iceland (3)16151.00*201735
Norway (3)24231.00*181739
Poland (3)31330.94181130
Finland (3)18210.86183351
Sweden (3)17210.81182442
Slovenia (3)25320.78181735
Latvia (3)14230.61181627
Ireland (3)31520.60182550
Macedonia (3)9150.6016817
United Kingdom (2)30550.55163850
Hungary (3)12220.52181021
Croatia (3)12230.52181919
Estonia (3)14280.50181931
U.S.A. (2) 10 a 21 0.48 21 25 b 23
Denmark (2)30620.48154264
Russia (Moscow) (4)16340.47183324
Bulgaria (2)11250.44161526
Ukraine (3)10230.43212235
Malta (1)22520.42161419
Cyprus (1)12320.3818710
France (1)12330.36161218
Czech Republic (2)17490.35181639
Portugal (1)7240.29181214
Romania (3)5180.28182210
Slovakia (3)8300.27181426
Lithuania (3)8370.22181633
Greece (2)9490.1818915
*

Rounding error resulted in ratio >1; reset at maximum possible (1.00).

a

Drunk 3+ times in past 30 days.

b

Has been drunk in lifetime, eighth graders.

SOURCES: Drinking behaviors: Hibell et al. (2000); except U.S. data from Johnston et al. (2000). Hazardous drinking score: Rehm et al. (in press).

From: 13, Drinking and Coming of Age in a Cross-Cultural Perspective

Cover of Reducing Underage Drinking
Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility.
National Research Council (US) and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Developing a Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking; Bonnie RJ, O'Connell ME, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2004.
Copyright © 2004, National Academy of Sciences.

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