Evidence Table 1. Wai'anae Cancer Research Project: Research Components

Authors, Funder, Funding Period, Study Name (If applicable)Research ObjectivesStudy Design, Duration, SettingIntervention, DurationParticipants, Sampling Strategy, Sample Size, Response Rate, Retention RatePrimary Outcome Variables Measured, Data Collection MethodsOther Variables MeasuredIntended and Unintended Effects of InterventionEvidence of Enhanced or Diminished Research Quality Due to CBPR, Quality Rating for Research Elements (Range 1–3)
Publications: Research Question: Study Design: Intervention: Participants: Primary Variables Measured: Other Variables Measured: Intervention Effects: Methodology:
Gotay CC, Banner RO, et al., 2000*To develop and test the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate intervention in increasing breast and cervical cancer screening practices among Native Hawaiian womenQuasi-experimental (pretest and posttest)Kokua Group, lay health educator-led group discussions to provide support and education for breast and cervical cancer screeningEnglish-speaking Native Hawaiian women ≥ 18 years old• Changes in 4 screening behaviors for cervical and breast cancer• Sociodemo-graphic factorsIncreased compliance with screening guidelines (P < 0.05), evening cancer screening clinic for Kokua group members, cancer support group, improved research capabilitiesSurvey administered by local interviewers; administration protocols adapted for cultural appropriateness
Matsunaga DS, Enos R, et al., 1996 Duration of Study: Vouchers for free mammograms and Pap tests provided to patient and friend Sampling Strategy: • Support for screening• Kokua awareness Measures:
Banner RO, DeCambra H, et al., 1995 3 yearsSimple random sample (empanelled) Data Collection Methods: • Kokua attendanceCultural adaptation of survey content
Funder: Setting: Random digit dialing in study communities; random selection from within eligible householdsQuantitative: Telephone survey• Knowledge Recruitment:
NCIOahu, Hawaii neighborhood Sample Size: Qualitative: Focus groups• Attitudes/ beliefTrained telephone interviewers to be culturally sensitive
Funding Period: 678 (intervention: n = 318; control: n = 360) Intervention:
1990-1994 Response Rate at Each Measure: Community members led groups, participated in recruitment; minimal intervention group created (by post-interview mailing)
Study Name: 54% of total sample at baseline (678/1260); intervention group = 318/1,260 (25%); control group = 360/1,260 (29%) Dissemination:
Wai'anae Cancer Retention Rate: Mailing “minimal intervention” for participants to be “first to know”; developed protocols shared with other professionals, researchers, etc.
Research Project54% of total sample at baseline (678/1,260) Outcomes:
Economic benefits; improvements in health services and systems
Quality Rating:

Primary article for this study

From: Appendix C Evidence Tables

Cover of Community-based Participatory Research: Assessing the Evidence
Community-based Participatory Research: Assessing the Evidence.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 99.
Viswanathan M, Ammerman A, Eng E, et al.

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